Cell contact guidance is widely employed to manipulate cell alignment and differentiation in vitro. The use of nano-or micro-patterned substrates allows efficient control of cell organization, thus opening up to biological models that cannot be reproduced spontaneously on standard culture dishes. In this paper, we explore the concept of cell contact guidance by Liquid Crystalline Networks (LCNs) presenting different surface topographies obtained by self-assembly of the monomeric mixture. The materials are prepared by photopolymerization of a low amount of diacrylate monomer dissolved in a liquid crystalline solvent, not participating in the reaction. The alignment of the liquid crystals, obtained before polymerization, determines the scaffold morphology, characterized by a nanometric structure. Such materials are able to drive the organization of different cell lines, e.g., fibroblasts and myoblasts, allowing for the alignment of single cells or high-density cell cultures. These results demonstrate the capabilities of rough surfaces prepared from the spontaneous assembly of liquid crystals to control biological models without the need of lithographic patterning or complex fabrication procedures. Interestingly, during myoblast differentiation, also myotube structuring in linear arrays is observed along the LCN fiber orientation. The implementation of this technology will open up to the formation of muscular tissue with well-aligned fibers in vitro mimicking the structure of native tissues.

Cellular Contact Guidance on Liquid Crystalline Networks with Anisotropic Roughness / Rojas-Rodriguez M.; Fiaschi T.; Mannelli M.; Mortati L.; Celegato F.; Wiersma D.S.; Parmeggiani C.; Martella D.. - In: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES. - ISSN 1944-8252. - ELETTRONICO. - 15:(2023), pp. 14122-14130. [10.1021/acsami.2c22892]

Cellular Contact Guidance on Liquid Crystalline Networks with Anisotropic Roughness

Wiersma D. S.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Parmeggiani C.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Martella D.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2023

Abstract

Cell contact guidance is widely employed to manipulate cell alignment and differentiation in vitro. The use of nano-or micro-patterned substrates allows efficient control of cell organization, thus opening up to biological models that cannot be reproduced spontaneously on standard culture dishes. In this paper, we explore the concept of cell contact guidance by Liquid Crystalline Networks (LCNs) presenting different surface topographies obtained by self-assembly of the monomeric mixture. The materials are prepared by photopolymerization of a low amount of diacrylate monomer dissolved in a liquid crystalline solvent, not participating in the reaction. The alignment of the liquid crystals, obtained before polymerization, determines the scaffold morphology, characterized by a nanometric structure. Such materials are able to drive the organization of different cell lines, e.g., fibroblasts and myoblasts, allowing for the alignment of single cells or high-density cell cultures. These results demonstrate the capabilities of rough surfaces prepared from the spontaneous assembly of liquid crystals to control biological models without the need of lithographic patterning or complex fabrication procedures. Interestingly, during myoblast differentiation, also myotube structuring in linear arrays is observed along the LCN fiber orientation. The implementation of this technology will open up to the formation of muscular tissue with well-aligned fibers in vitro mimicking the structure of native tissues.
2023
15
14122
14130
Rojas-Rodriguez M.; Fiaschi T.; Mannelli M.; Mortati L.; Celegato F.; Wiersma D.S.; Parmeggiani C.; Martella D.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1313332
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