Literature suggests colonic resection and primary anastomosis (RPA) instead of Hartmann’s procedure (HP) for the treatment of left-sided colonic emergencies. We aim to evaluate the surgical options globally used to treat patients with acute left-sided colonic emergencies and the factors that leading to the choice of treatment, comparing HP and RPA. This is a prospective, international, multicenter, observational study registered on ClinicalTrials.gov. A total 1215 patients with left-sided colonic emergencies who required surgery were included from 204 centers during the period of March 1, 2020, to May 31, 2020. with a 1-year follow-up. 564 patients (43.1%) were females. The mean age was 65.9 ± 15.6 years. HP was performed in 697 (57.3%) patients and RPA in 384 (31.6%) cases. Complicated acute diverticulitis was the most common cause of left-sided colonic emergencies (40.2%), followed by colorectal malignancy (36.6%). Severe complications (Clavien-Dindo ≥ 3b) were higher in the HP group (P < 0.001). 30-day mortality was higher in HP patients (13.7%), especially in case of bowel perforation and diffused peritonitis. 1-year follow-up showed no differences on ostomy reversal rate between HP and RPA. (P = 0.127). A backward likelihood logistic regression model showed that RPA was preferred in younger patients, having low ASA score (≤ 3), in case of large bowel obstruction, absence of colonic ischemia, longer time from admission to surgery, operating early at the day working hours, by a surgeon who performed more than 50 colorectal resections. After 100 years since the first Hartmann’s procedure, HP remains the most common treatment for left-sided colorectal emergencies. Treatment’s choice depends on patient characteristics, the time of surgery and the experience of the surgeon. RPA should be considered as the gold standard for surgery, with HP being an exception.

Goodby Hartmann trial: a prospective international, multicenter, observational study on the current use of surgical procedure developed a century ago / Desire' Pantalone, Gennaro Perrone, Mario Giuffrida, Fikri Abu-Zidan, Vitor F. Kruger, Marco Livrini, Gabriele Luciano Petracca, Giorgio Rossi, Antonio Tarasconi, Brian W. C. A. Tian, Elena Bonati, Ricardo Mentz, Federico N. Mazzini, Juan P. Campana, Elisabeth Gasser, Reinhold Kafka-Ritsch, Daniel M. Felsenreich, Christopher Dawoud, Stefan Riss, Carlos Augusto Gomes, Felipe Couto Gomes, Ricardo Alessandro Teixeira Gonzaga, Cassio Alfred Brattig Canton, Bruno Monteiro Pereira, Gustavo P. Fraga, …Fausto Catena. - In: WORLD JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY SURGERY. - ISSN 1749-7922. - ELETTRONICO. - (2024), pp. 19.0-19.0. [10.1186/s13017-024-00543-w]

Goodby Hartmann trial: a prospective international, multicenter, observational study on the current use of surgical procedure developed a century ago

Desire' Pantalone;
2024

Abstract

Literature suggests colonic resection and primary anastomosis (RPA) instead of Hartmann’s procedure (HP) for the treatment of left-sided colonic emergencies. We aim to evaluate the surgical options globally used to treat patients with acute left-sided colonic emergencies and the factors that leading to the choice of treatment, comparing HP and RPA. This is a prospective, international, multicenter, observational study registered on ClinicalTrials.gov. A total 1215 patients with left-sided colonic emergencies who required surgery were included from 204 centers during the period of March 1, 2020, to May 31, 2020. with a 1-year follow-up. 564 patients (43.1%) were females. The mean age was 65.9 ± 15.6 years. HP was performed in 697 (57.3%) patients and RPA in 384 (31.6%) cases. Complicated acute diverticulitis was the most common cause of left-sided colonic emergencies (40.2%), followed by colorectal malignancy (36.6%). Severe complications (Clavien-Dindo ≥ 3b) were higher in the HP group (P < 0.001). 30-day mortality was higher in HP patients (13.7%), especially in case of bowel perforation and diffused peritonitis. 1-year follow-up showed no differences on ostomy reversal rate between HP and RPA. (P = 0.127). A backward likelihood logistic regression model showed that RPA was preferred in younger patients, having low ASA score (≤ 3), in case of large bowel obstruction, absence of colonic ischemia, longer time from admission to surgery, operating early at the day working hours, by a surgeon who performed more than 50 colorectal resections. After 100 years since the first Hartmann’s procedure, HP remains the most common treatment for left-sided colorectal emergencies. Treatment’s choice depends on patient characteristics, the time of surgery and the experience of the surgeon. RPA should be considered as the gold standard for surgery, with HP being an exception.
2024
0
0
Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Desire' Pantalone, Gennaro Perrone, Mario Giuffrida, Fikri Abu-Zidan, Vitor F. Kruger, Marco Livrini, Gabriele Luciano Petracca, Giorgio Rossi, Antonio Tarasconi, Brian W. C. A. Tian, Elena Bonati, Ricardo Mentz, Federico N. Mazzini, Juan P. Campana, Elisabeth Gasser, Reinhold Kafka-Ritsch, Daniel M. Felsenreich, Christopher Dawoud, Stefan Riss, Carlos Augusto Gomes, Felipe Couto Gomes, Ricardo Alessandro Teixeira Gonzaga, Cassio Alfred Brattig Canton, Bruno Monteiro Pereira, Gustavo P. Fraga, …Fausto Catena
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1357231
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