Amongst Ion Beam Analysis (IBA) techniques applied to the study of atmospheric aerosol samples, Elastic Backscattering Spectrometry (EBS) and Particle Elastic Scattering Analysis (PESA) with MeV energy proton beams allows obtaining quantitative information about the concentration of C and other low-Z atoms like H, N and 0 in the sample. With these nuclear techniques a direct measurement of elemental carbon (EC) and organic carbon (EC) is not possible. Nevertheless, the detection of all the aforemetioned light elements may help to infer some information on the aerosol chemical composition. The H concentration obtained by PEA may be used as a proxy of OC; then, EC can be obtained as the difference between total carbon measured simultaneously by EBS and OC as estimated by PESA. The feasibility of the quantification of EC and OC following this approach in particulate matter samples collected on Teflon fillers, where this information cannot be obtained by standard thermo-optical analyses, will be discussed. Moreover, thanks to the simultaneous measurements of H, C, N and 0 in the aerosol samples, the organic component of the aerosols (particulate organic matter, POM) can be directly calculated and thus the validity of the POM/OC conversion factors found in the literature can be tested.

Use of proton elastic scattering techniques to determine carbonaceous fractions in atmospheric aerosols collected on Teflon filters / Chiari, Massimo; Calzolai, Giulia; Giannoni, Martina; Lucarelli, Franco; Nava, Silvia; Becagli, Silvia. - In: JOURNAL OF AEROSOL SCIENCE. - ISSN 0021-8502. - STAMPA. - 89:(2015), pp. 85-95. [10.1016/j.jaerosci.2015.07.006]

Use of proton elastic scattering techniques to determine carbonaceous fractions in atmospheric aerosols collected on Teflon filters

CHIARI, MASSIMO;CALZOLAI, GIULIA;GIANNONI, MARTINA;LUCARELLI, FRANCO;NAVA, SILVIA;BECAGLI, SILVIA
2015

Abstract

Amongst Ion Beam Analysis (IBA) techniques applied to the study of atmospheric aerosol samples, Elastic Backscattering Spectrometry (EBS) and Particle Elastic Scattering Analysis (PESA) with MeV energy proton beams allows obtaining quantitative information about the concentration of C and other low-Z atoms like H, N and 0 in the sample. With these nuclear techniques a direct measurement of elemental carbon (EC) and organic carbon (EC) is not possible. Nevertheless, the detection of all the aforemetioned light elements may help to infer some information on the aerosol chemical composition. The H concentration obtained by PEA may be used as a proxy of OC; then, EC can be obtained as the difference between total carbon measured simultaneously by EBS and OC as estimated by PESA. The feasibility of the quantification of EC and OC following this approach in particulate matter samples collected on Teflon fillers, where this information cannot be obtained by standard thermo-optical analyses, will be discussed. Moreover, thanks to the simultaneous measurements of H, C, N and 0 in the aerosol samples, the organic component of the aerosols (particulate organic matter, POM) can be directly calculated and thus the validity of the POM/OC conversion factors found in the literature can be tested.
2015
89
85
95
Chiari, Massimo; Calzolai, Giulia; Giannoni, Martina; Lucarelli, Franco; Nava, Silvia; Becagli, Silvia
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1016238
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