Background: Treatment of distal tibial tumors is challenging due to the scarce soft tissue coverage of this area. Ankle arthrodesis has proven to be an effective treatment in primary and post-traumatic joint arthritis, but few papers have addressed the feasibility and techniques of ankle arthrodesis in tumor surgery after long bone resections. Materials and Methods: Resection of the distal tibia and reconstruction by ankle fusion using non-vascularized structural bone grafts was performed in 8 patients affected by malignant (5 patients) or aggressive benign (3 patients) tumors. Resection length of the tibia ranged from 5 to 21 cm. Bone defects were reconstructed with cortical structural autografts (from contralateral tibia) or allografts or both, plus autologous bone chips. Fixation was accomplished by antegrade nailing (6 cases) or plating (2 cases). Results: All the arthrodesis successfully healed. At followup ranging from 23 to 113 months (average 53.5), all patients were alive. One local recurrence was observed with concomitant deep infection (a below-knee amputation was performed). Mean functional MSTS score of the seven available patients was 80.4% (range, 53 to 93). Conclusion: Resection of the distal tibia and arthrodesis of the ankle with non-vascularized structural bone grafts, combined with autologous bone chips, can be an effective procedure in bone tumor surgery with durable and satisfactory functional results. In shorter resections, autologous cortical structural grafts can be used; in longer resections, allograft structural bone grafts are needed.

Ankle arthrodesis with bone graft after distal tibia resection for bone tumors / Campanacci, Domenico Andrea; Scoccianti, Guido; Beltrami, Giovanni; Mugnaini, Marco; Capanna, Rodolfo. - In: FOOT & ANKLE INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 1071-1007. - STAMPA. - 29:(2008), pp. 1031-1037. [10.3113/FAI.2008.1031]

Ankle arthrodesis with bone graft after distal tibia resection for bone tumors

CAMPANACCI, DOMENICO ANDREA;
2008

Abstract

Background: Treatment of distal tibial tumors is challenging due to the scarce soft tissue coverage of this area. Ankle arthrodesis has proven to be an effective treatment in primary and post-traumatic joint arthritis, but few papers have addressed the feasibility and techniques of ankle arthrodesis in tumor surgery after long bone resections. Materials and Methods: Resection of the distal tibia and reconstruction by ankle fusion using non-vascularized structural bone grafts was performed in 8 patients affected by malignant (5 patients) or aggressive benign (3 patients) tumors. Resection length of the tibia ranged from 5 to 21 cm. Bone defects were reconstructed with cortical structural autografts (from contralateral tibia) or allografts or both, plus autologous bone chips. Fixation was accomplished by antegrade nailing (6 cases) or plating (2 cases). Results: All the arthrodesis successfully healed. At followup ranging from 23 to 113 months (average 53.5), all patients were alive. One local recurrence was observed with concomitant deep infection (a below-knee amputation was performed). Mean functional MSTS score of the seven available patients was 80.4% (range, 53 to 93). Conclusion: Resection of the distal tibia and arthrodesis of the ankle with non-vascularized structural bone grafts, combined with autologous bone chips, can be an effective procedure in bone tumor surgery with durable and satisfactory functional results. In shorter resections, autologous cortical structural grafts can be used; in longer resections, allograft structural bone grafts are needed.
2008
29
1031
1037
Campanacci, Domenico Andrea; Scoccianti, Guido; Beltrami, Giovanni; Mugnaini, Marco; Capanna, Rodolfo
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1021983
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