The Oxford Nanopore Technologies MinION is a new device, based on nanopore sequencing that is able to generate reads of tens of kilobases in length with faster sequencing time with respect to other platforms. To evaluate the capability of nanopore data to be exploited for resequencing analyses we used the largest MinION data set to date and we compared with Illumina and Pacific Biosciences technologies. By using five different mapping approaches we estimated that the global sequencing error rate of MinION reads, mainly caused by inserted and deleted bases, is around 11%. The study of error distribution showed that substituted, inserted and deleted bases are not randomly distributed along the reads, but mainly occur in specific nucleotide patterns, generating a significant number of genomic loci that can be misclassified as false-positive variants. With 40× sequencing coverage, MinION data can produce at best around one false substitution and insertion every 10-50 kb, and one false deletion every 1000 bp, making use of this technology still challenging for small-sized variant discovery. We also analyzed depth of coverage distribution and we demonstrated that nanopore sequencing is a uniform process that generates sequences randomly and independently without classical sources of bias such as GC-content and mappability. Owing to these properties, the MinION data can be readily used to detect genomic regions involved in copy number variants with high accuracy, outperforming other state-of-the-art sequencing methods in terms of both sensitivity and specificity.

Characterization of MinION nanopore data for resequencing analyses / Magi, Alberto; Giusti, Betti; Tattini, Lorenzo. - In: BRIEFINGS IN BIOINFORMATICS. - ISSN 1467-5463. - ELETTRONICO. - 18:(2016), pp. 940-953. [10.1093/bib/bbw077]

Characterization of MinION nanopore data for resequencing analyses

MAGI, ALBERTO;GIUSTI, BETTI;TATTINI, LORENZO
2016

Abstract

The Oxford Nanopore Technologies MinION is a new device, based on nanopore sequencing that is able to generate reads of tens of kilobases in length with faster sequencing time with respect to other platforms. To evaluate the capability of nanopore data to be exploited for resequencing analyses we used the largest MinION data set to date and we compared with Illumina and Pacific Biosciences technologies. By using five different mapping approaches we estimated that the global sequencing error rate of MinION reads, mainly caused by inserted and deleted bases, is around 11%. The study of error distribution showed that substituted, inserted and deleted bases are not randomly distributed along the reads, but mainly occur in specific nucleotide patterns, generating a significant number of genomic loci that can be misclassified as false-positive variants. With 40× sequencing coverage, MinION data can produce at best around one false substitution and insertion every 10-50 kb, and one false deletion every 1000 bp, making use of this technology still challenging for small-sized variant discovery. We also analyzed depth of coverage distribution and we demonstrated that nanopore sequencing is a uniform process that generates sequences randomly and independently without classical sources of bias such as GC-content and mappability. Owing to these properties, the MinION data can be readily used to detect genomic regions involved in copy number variants with high accuracy, outperforming other state-of-the-art sequencing methods in terms of both sensitivity and specificity.
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940
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Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Magi, Alberto; Giusti, Betti; Tattini, Lorenzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1063689
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