Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1) activation contributes to the cascade of events initiated by amyloid- (A) peptide eventually leading to cell death in Alzheimer’s disease brain. A significant accumulation of PAR polymers and increase of PARP1 expression were detected in the cortex at the early (3.5 months) and intermediate (6 months) stage of A deposition in the TgCRND8 mouse model. Our previous data highlighted the beneficial effects of oleuropein aglycone (OLE), the main polyphenol found in the olive oil, against neurodegeneration both in cultured cells and in model organisms. Here we found that 8-week OLE treatment (50 mg/kg of diet) to 6-month-old TgCRND8 mice rescued to control values PARP1 activation and the levels of its product, PAR. In N2a neuroblastoma cells, PARP1 activation and PAR formation upon exposure to N-methyl-N’-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) were abolished by pretreatment for 24 h with either OLE (100M) or PARP inhibitors. A significant reduction of the NAD+ content, compared to controls, was found in N2a cells exposed to MNNG (100M) for 90 min; the latter was slightly attenuated by cell treatment for 24 h with PJ-34 or with OLE. In vitro and in vivo, the OLE-induced reduction of PARP1 activationwas paralleled by the overexpression of Sirtuin1 (SIRT1), and, in vivo, by a decrease of NF-B and the pro-apoptotic marker p53. In N2a cells, we also found that OLE potentiates the MNNG-induced increase of Beclin1 levels. In conclusion, our data show that OLE treatment counteracts neuronal damage through modulation of the PARP1-SIRT1 interplay.

The polyphenol oleuropein aglycone modulates the PARP1-SIRT1 interplay: an in vitro and in vivo study / Luccarini, I; Pantano, D; Nardiello, P; Cavone, L; Lapucci, A; Miceli, C; Nediani, C; Berti, A; Stefani, M; Casamenti, F. - In: JOURNAL OF ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE. - ISSN 1387-2877. - ELETTRONICO. - 54:(2016), pp. 0-0. [10.3233/JAD-160471.]

The polyphenol oleuropein aglycone modulates the PARP1-SIRT1 interplay: an in vitro and in vivo study

LUCCARINI, ILARIA;PANTANO, DANIELA;NARDIELLO, PAMELA;CAVONE, LEONARDO;LAPUCCI, ANDREA;MICELI, CATERINA;NEDIANI, CHIARA;BERTI, ANDREA;STEFANI, MASSIMO;CASAMENTI, FIORELLA;LAPUCCI, ANDREA
2016

Abstract

Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1) activation contributes to the cascade of events initiated by amyloid- (A) peptide eventually leading to cell death in Alzheimer’s disease brain. A significant accumulation of PAR polymers and increase of PARP1 expression were detected in the cortex at the early (3.5 months) and intermediate (6 months) stage of A deposition in the TgCRND8 mouse model. Our previous data highlighted the beneficial effects of oleuropein aglycone (OLE), the main polyphenol found in the olive oil, against neurodegeneration both in cultured cells and in model organisms. Here we found that 8-week OLE treatment (50 mg/kg of diet) to 6-month-old TgCRND8 mice rescued to control values PARP1 activation and the levels of its product, PAR. In N2a neuroblastoma cells, PARP1 activation and PAR formation upon exposure to N-methyl-N’-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) were abolished by pretreatment for 24 h with either OLE (100M) or PARP inhibitors. A significant reduction of the NAD+ content, compared to controls, was found in N2a cells exposed to MNNG (100M) for 90 min; the latter was slightly attenuated by cell treatment for 24 h with PJ-34 or with OLE. In vitro and in vivo, the OLE-induced reduction of PARP1 activationwas paralleled by the overexpression of Sirtuin1 (SIRT1), and, in vivo, by a decrease of NF-B and the pro-apoptotic marker p53. In N2a cells, we also found that OLE potentiates the MNNG-induced increase of Beclin1 levels. In conclusion, our data show that OLE treatment counteracts neuronal damage through modulation of the PARP1-SIRT1 interplay.
2016
54
0
0
Goal 3: Good health and well-being for people
Luccarini, I; Pantano, D; Nardiello, P; Cavone, L; Lapucci, A; Miceli, C; Nediani, C; Berti, A; Stefani, M; Casamenti, F
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1075159
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