Continuous all year-round samplings of atmospheric aerosol and surface snow at high (daily to 4-day) resolution were carried out at Dome C since 2004-05 to 2013 and nitrate records are here presented. Basing on a larger statistical data set than previous studies, results confirm that nitrate seasonal pattern is characterized by maxima during austral summer for both aerosol and surface snow, occurring in-phase with solar UV irradiance. This temporal pattern is likely due to a combination of nitrate sources and post-depositional processes whose intensity usually enhances during the summer. Moreover, it should be noted that a case study of the synoptic conditions, which took place during a major nitrate event, showed the occurrence of a stratosphere-troposphere exchange. The sampling of both matrices at the same time with high resolution allowed the detection of a an about one-month long recurring lag of summer maxima in snow with respect to aerosol. This result can be explained by deposition and post-deposition processes occurring at the atmosphere-snow interface, such as a net uptake of gaseous nitric acid and a replenishment of the uppermost surface layers driven by a larger temperature gradient in summer. This hypothesis was preliminarily tested by a comparison with surface layers temperature data in the 2012-13 period. The analysis of the relationship between the nitrate concentration in the gas phase and total nitrate obtained at Dome C (2012-13) showed the major role of gaseous HNO3 to the total nitrate budget suggesting the need to further investigate the gas-to-particle conversion processes.

Multi-year record of atmospheric and snow surface nitrate in the central Antarctic plateau / Traversi, Rita; Becagli, Silvia; Brogioni, Marco; Caiazzo, Laura; Ciardini, Virginia; Giardi, Fabio; Legrand, Michel; Macelloni, Giovanni; Petkov, Boyan; Preunkert, Suzanne; Scarchilli, Claudio; Severi, Mirko; Vitale, Vito; Udisti, Roberto. - In: CHEMOSPHERE. - ISSN 0045-6535. - STAMPA. - 172:(2017), pp. 341-354. [10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.12.143]

Multi-year record of atmospheric and snow surface nitrate in the central Antarctic plateau

TRAVERSI, RITA;BECAGLI, SILVIA;CAIAZZO, LAURA;GIARDI, FABIO;SEVERI, MIRKO;UDISTI, ROBERTO
2017

Abstract

Continuous all year-round samplings of atmospheric aerosol and surface snow at high (daily to 4-day) resolution were carried out at Dome C since 2004-05 to 2013 and nitrate records are here presented. Basing on a larger statistical data set than previous studies, results confirm that nitrate seasonal pattern is characterized by maxima during austral summer for both aerosol and surface snow, occurring in-phase with solar UV irradiance. This temporal pattern is likely due to a combination of nitrate sources and post-depositional processes whose intensity usually enhances during the summer. Moreover, it should be noted that a case study of the synoptic conditions, which took place during a major nitrate event, showed the occurrence of a stratosphere-troposphere exchange. The sampling of both matrices at the same time with high resolution allowed the detection of a an about one-month long recurring lag of summer maxima in snow with respect to aerosol. This result can be explained by deposition and post-deposition processes occurring at the atmosphere-snow interface, such as a net uptake of gaseous nitric acid and a replenishment of the uppermost surface layers driven by a larger temperature gradient in summer. This hypothesis was preliminarily tested by a comparison with surface layers temperature data in the 2012-13 period. The analysis of the relationship between the nitrate concentration in the gas phase and total nitrate obtained at Dome C (2012-13) showed the major role of gaseous HNO3 to the total nitrate budget suggesting the need to further investigate the gas-to-particle conversion processes.
2017
172
341
354
Traversi, Rita; Becagli, Silvia; Brogioni, Marco; Caiazzo, Laura; Ciardini, Virginia; Giardi, Fabio; Legrand, Michel; Macelloni, Giovanni; Petkov, Boyan; Preunkert, Suzanne; Scarchilli, Claudio; Severi, Mirko; Vitale, Vito; Udisti, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1077845
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