Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether patients with a very early diagnosis of systemic sclerosis (VEDOSS) may already present circulating markers and in vitro signs of microvascular dysfunction. METHODS: Serum samples were obtained from 55 patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), 25 patients with VEDOSS, and 55 matched healthy controls (HC). Serum levels of pan-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and soluble neuropilin-1 (sNRP-1) were measured by ELISA. Human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (H-MVEC) were cultured and stimulated with SSc, VEDOSS, and HC sera. Protein expression of NRP-1 was analyzed by Western blotting, cell proliferation by 5'-bromodeoxyuridine assay, migration capacity by wound-healing assay, and capillary-like tube formation by Matrigel assay. RESULTS: Serum levels of pan-VEGF were increased in patients with VEDOSS and SSc versus HC (p = 0.05 and p = 0.003, respectively). Serum levels of sNRP-1 were significantly reduced in patients with VEDOSS and SSc compared with controls (p = 0.012 and p = 0.027, respectively). NRP-1 expression was decreased in H-MVEC stimulated with VEDOSS sera (p < 0.001 vs HC). Proliferation was reduced in H-MVEC stimulated either with VEDOSS or SSc sera in comparison with HC sera (p = 0.015 and p = 0.043, respectively). Wound healing was compromised in H-MVEC stimulated with VEDOSS and SSc sera versus HC sera (p < 0.01 for both). Capillarogenesis was decreased in H-MVEC stimulated with VEDOSS sera (p < 0.01) and SSc sera (p < 0.001) compared with cells stimulated with HC sera. CONCLUSION: Similar to patients with SSc, patients with VEDOSS already present biological signs of endothelial dysfunction. Our data demonstrate that VEDOSS sera significantly modify endothelial cell behavior and impair the angiogenic potential of the microvascular system.

Evidence for a Derangement of the Microvascular System in Patients with a Very Early Diagnosis of Systemic Sclerosis / Chora, Inês; Romano, Eloisa; Manetti, Mirko; Mazzotta, Celestina; Costa, Raquel; Machado, Vera; Cortez, Alice; Bruni, Cosimo; Lepri, Gemma; Guiducci, Serena; De Paulis, Amato; Soares, Raquel; Matucci-Cerinic, Marco. - In: THE JOURNAL OF RHEUMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0315-162X. - STAMPA. - 44:(2017), pp. 1190-1197. [10.3899/jrheum.160791]

Evidence for a Derangement of the Microvascular System in Patients with a Very Early Diagnosis of Systemic Sclerosis

ROMANO, ELOISA;MANETTI, MIRKO;MAZZOTTA, CELESTINA;BRUNI, COSIMO;LEPRI, GEMMA;GUIDUCCI, SERENA;MATUCCI CERINIC, MARCO
2017

Abstract

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether patients with a very early diagnosis of systemic sclerosis (VEDOSS) may already present circulating markers and in vitro signs of microvascular dysfunction. METHODS: Serum samples were obtained from 55 patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), 25 patients with VEDOSS, and 55 matched healthy controls (HC). Serum levels of pan-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and soluble neuropilin-1 (sNRP-1) were measured by ELISA. Human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (H-MVEC) were cultured and stimulated with SSc, VEDOSS, and HC sera. Protein expression of NRP-1 was analyzed by Western blotting, cell proliferation by 5'-bromodeoxyuridine assay, migration capacity by wound-healing assay, and capillary-like tube formation by Matrigel assay. RESULTS: Serum levels of pan-VEGF were increased in patients with VEDOSS and SSc versus HC (p = 0.05 and p = 0.003, respectively). Serum levels of sNRP-1 were significantly reduced in patients with VEDOSS and SSc compared with controls (p = 0.012 and p = 0.027, respectively). NRP-1 expression was decreased in H-MVEC stimulated with VEDOSS sera (p < 0.001 vs HC). Proliferation was reduced in H-MVEC stimulated either with VEDOSS or SSc sera in comparison with HC sera (p = 0.015 and p = 0.043, respectively). Wound healing was compromised in H-MVEC stimulated with VEDOSS and SSc sera versus HC sera (p < 0.01 for both). Capillarogenesis was decreased in H-MVEC stimulated with VEDOSS sera (p < 0.01) and SSc sera (p < 0.001) compared with cells stimulated with HC sera. CONCLUSION: Similar to patients with SSc, patients with VEDOSS already present biological signs of endothelial dysfunction. Our data demonstrate that VEDOSS sera significantly modify endothelial cell behavior and impair the angiogenic potential of the microvascular system.
2017
44
1190
1197
Goal 3: Good health and well-being for people
Chora, Inês; Romano, Eloisa; Manetti, Mirko; Mazzotta, Celestina; Costa, Raquel; Machado, Vera; Cortez, Alice; Bruni, Cosimo; Lepri, Gemma; Guiducci, Serena; De Paulis, Amato; Soares, Raquel; Matucci-Cerinic, Marco
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1089181
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