Causal inference on multiple non-independent outcomes raises serious challenges, because multivariate techniques that properly account for the outcome's dependence structure need to be considered. We focus on the case of binary outcomes framing our discussion in the potential outcome approach to causal inference. We define causal effects of treatment on joint outcomes introducing the notion of product outcomes. We also discuss a decomposition of the causal effect on product outcomes into intrinsic and extrinsic causal effects, which respectively provide information on treatment effect on the intrinsic (product) structure of the product outcomes and on the outcomes' dependence structure. We propose a log-mean linear regression approach for modeling the distribution of the potential outcomes, which is particularly appealing because all the causal estimands of interest and the decomposition into intrinsic and extrinsic causal effects can be easily derived by model parameters. The method is illustrated in two randomized experiments concerning (i) the effect of the administration of oral pre-surgery morphine on pain intensity after surgery; and (ii) the effect of honey on nocturnal cough and sleep difficulty associated with childhood upper respiratory tract infections.

Causal inference for binary non-independent outcomes / Mattei, A; Lupparelli, M.. - ELETTRONICO. - (2017).

Causal inference for binary non-independent outcomes

Mattei, A;Lupparelli, M.
2017

Abstract

Causal inference on multiple non-independent outcomes raises serious challenges, because multivariate techniques that properly account for the outcome's dependence structure need to be considered. We focus on the case of binary outcomes framing our discussion in the potential outcome approach to causal inference. We define causal effects of treatment on joint outcomes introducing the notion of product outcomes. We also discuss a decomposition of the causal effect on product outcomes into intrinsic and extrinsic causal effects, which respectively provide information on treatment effect on the intrinsic (product) structure of the product outcomes and on the outcomes' dependence structure. We propose a log-mean linear regression approach for modeling the distribution of the potential outcomes, which is particularly appealing because all the causal estimands of interest and the decomposition into intrinsic and extrinsic causal effects can be easily derived by model parameters. The method is illustrated in two randomized experiments concerning (i) the effect of the administration of oral pre-surgery morphine on pain intensity after surgery; and (ii) the effect of honey on nocturnal cough and sleep difficulty associated with childhood upper respiratory tract infections.
2017
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
LML_Axiv1710.07039.pdf

Accesso chiuso

Descrizione: Articolo principale: ArXiv Working Paper N. 1710.07039
Tipologia: Pdf editoriale (Version of record)
Licenza: DRM non definito
Dimensione 251.05 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
251.05 kB Adobe PDF   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1100175
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact