Compaction and rutting on forest soils are consequences of harvesting operations. The traditional methods used to investigate these consequences are time consuming and unable to represent the entire longitudinal profile for a forest trail. New methods based on photogrammetry have been developed. The overall objective was to compare photogrammetry and traditional methods (e.g. cone penetrometer, manual rut depth measurements, bulk density and porosity) used for the evaluation of soil compaction and rutting (i.e. depth and rut volume) after multiple passes of a loaded forwarder using two different tyre pressure levels. The comparison of photogrammetric versus manually measured profiles resulted in R2 0.93. Both tyre inflation pressure and number of passes had effect on soil disturbance. The rut volumes on 100m long trails after 60 passes were 8.48 and 5.74m3 for tire pressures of 300 and 150 kPa, respectively. Increased rut volume correlated positively with increased soil compaction and decreased soil porosity. Structure-frommotion photogrammetry is an accurate method for informing the creation of high-resolution digital evolution models and for the morphological description of forest soil disturbance after forest logging. However, a problem with photogrammetry is object reflection (grass, logging residues and water) that in some cases influence the accuracy of the method.

Photogrammetric estimation of wheel rut dimensions and soil compaction after increasing numbers of forwarder passes / Marra, Elena; Cambi, Martina; Fernandez-Lacruz, Raul; Giannetti, Francesca; Marchi, Enrico; Nordfjell, Tomas. - In: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH. - ISSN 0282-7581. - ELETTRONICO. - (2018), pp. 1-8. [10.1080/02827581.2018.1427789]

Photogrammetric estimation of wheel rut dimensions and soil compaction after increasing numbers of forwarder passes

MARRA, ELENA
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Cambi, Martina
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Giannetti, Francesca
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Marchi, Enrico
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2018

Abstract

Compaction and rutting on forest soils are consequences of harvesting operations. The traditional methods used to investigate these consequences are time consuming and unable to represent the entire longitudinal profile for a forest trail. New methods based on photogrammetry have been developed. The overall objective was to compare photogrammetry and traditional methods (e.g. cone penetrometer, manual rut depth measurements, bulk density and porosity) used for the evaluation of soil compaction and rutting (i.e. depth and rut volume) after multiple passes of a loaded forwarder using two different tyre pressure levels. The comparison of photogrammetric versus manually measured profiles resulted in R2 0.93. Both tyre inflation pressure and number of passes had effect on soil disturbance. The rut volumes on 100m long trails after 60 passes were 8.48 and 5.74m3 for tire pressures of 300 and 150 kPa, respectively. Increased rut volume correlated positively with increased soil compaction and decreased soil porosity. Structure-frommotion photogrammetry is an accurate method for informing the creation of high-resolution digital evolution models and for the morphological description of forest soil disturbance after forest logging. However, a problem with photogrammetry is object reflection (grass, logging residues and water) that in some cases influence the accuracy of the method.
2018
1
8
Marra, Elena; Cambi, Martina; Fernandez-Lacruz, Raul; Giannetti, Francesca; Marchi, Enrico; Nordfjell, Tomas
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1110433
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