Skeletal muscle tissue retains a remarkable regenerative capacity due to the activation of resident stem cells that in pathological conditions or after tissue damage proliferate and commit themselves into myoblasts. These immature myogenic cells undergo differentiation to generate new myofibers or repair the injured ones, giving a strong contribution to muscle regeneration. Cytokines and growth factors, potently released after tissue injury by leukocytes and macrophages, are not only responsible of the induction of the initial inflammatory response, but can also affect skeletal muscle regeneration. Growth factors exploit sphingosine kinase (SK), the enzyme that catalyzes the production of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), to exert their biological effects in skeletal muscle. In this paper we show for the first time that bradykinin (BK), the leading member of kinin/kallikrein system, is able to induce myogenic differentiation in C2C12 myoblasts. Moreover, evidence is provided that SK1, the specific S1P-transporter spinster homolog 2 (Spns2) and S1P2 receptor are involved in the action exerted by BK, since pharmacological inhibition/antagonism or specific down-regulation significantly alter BK-induced myogenic differentiation. Moreover, the molecular mechanism initiated by BK involves a rapid translocation of SK1 to plasma membrane, analyzed by time-lapse immunofluorescence analysis. The present study highlights the role of SK1/Spns2/S1P receptor 2 signaling axis in BK-induced myogenic differentiation, thus confirming the crucial involvement of this pathway in skeletal muscle cell biology

Bradykinin mediates myogenic differentiation in murine myoblasts through the involvement of SK1/Spns2/S1P2 axis / Gennaro Bruno, Francesca Cencetti, Caterina Bernacchioni, Chiara Donati, Kira Vanessa Blankenbach, Dominique Thomas, Dagmar Meyer zu Heringdorf, Paola Bruni. - In: CELLULAR SIGNALLING. - ISSN 0898-6568. - ELETTRONICO. - 45:(2018), pp. 110-121. [10.1016/j.cellsig.2018.02.001]

Bradykinin mediates myogenic differentiation in murine myoblasts through the involvement of SK1/Spns2/S1P2 axis

Gennaro Bruno;Francesca Cencetti
;
Caterina Bernacchioni;Chiara Donati;Paola Bruni
2018

Abstract

Skeletal muscle tissue retains a remarkable regenerative capacity due to the activation of resident stem cells that in pathological conditions or after tissue damage proliferate and commit themselves into myoblasts. These immature myogenic cells undergo differentiation to generate new myofibers or repair the injured ones, giving a strong contribution to muscle regeneration. Cytokines and growth factors, potently released after tissue injury by leukocytes and macrophages, are not only responsible of the induction of the initial inflammatory response, but can also affect skeletal muscle regeneration. Growth factors exploit sphingosine kinase (SK), the enzyme that catalyzes the production of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), to exert their biological effects in skeletal muscle. In this paper we show for the first time that bradykinin (BK), the leading member of kinin/kallikrein system, is able to induce myogenic differentiation in C2C12 myoblasts. Moreover, evidence is provided that SK1, the specific S1P-transporter spinster homolog 2 (Spns2) and S1P2 receptor are involved in the action exerted by BK, since pharmacological inhibition/antagonism or specific down-regulation significantly alter BK-induced myogenic differentiation. Moreover, the molecular mechanism initiated by BK involves a rapid translocation of SK1 to plasma membrane, analyzed by time-lapse immunofluorescence analysis. The present study highlights the role of SK1/Spns2/S1P receptor 2 signaling axis in BK-induced myogenic differentiation, thus confirming the crucial involvement of this pathway in skeletal muscle cell biology
2018
45
110
121
Gennaro Bruno, Francesca Cencetti, Caterina Bernacchioni, Chiara Donati, Kira Vanessa Blankenbach, Dominique Thomas, Dagmar Meyer zu Heringdorf, Paola Bruni
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