Background: Aerobic and resistance exercises have been promoted recently to improve quality of life in cancer patients. Most cancer survivorship rehabilitation programs consists of supervised exercise programs; however, less data is available on the effects of unsupervised or home-based exercise interventions. The study aimed to compare the physical and physiologic changes in a group of cancer survivors (CS) and a control group of non-cancer, health controls (HC) who participated in individualized home-based aerobic and resistance exercises for 12 months. Methods: Thirty-three surviving cancer survivors (CS) aged 55.6±3 y were enrolled for 1 year of unsupervised exercise prescription programs. Anthropometric parameters hydration status, fitness, and echocardiographic examination were measured every six month and compared to10 HC (aged 52.6 ± 7.7 y) individuals prior to starting the program (t0) and at 6 (t6) and 12 (t12) months. Results: Among the CS subjects a significant reductions in waist circumference t0: 97.5 ±15.2; t6: 86.6 ±13.5; t12: 85.8 ± 13.9, p<0.05; body cell mass% t0: 50.9±4.7; t6: 52.3±4.4; t12: 53.7±3.7; p<0.05 and extracellular mass %, t0: 49.1±4.7 t6; 47.6±4.4, t12: 46.2±3.7, p < 0.05, were observed as well significant improvements in lower body muscle strength (chair test t0: 13.3±4.1, t6: 14.2±3.5, t12: 15.1±3.2; p<0.05). Changes in functionality and heart function were similar between CS and HC’s. Conclusions: Individually prescribed home-based exercise programs were cost effective, safe and resulted in modest improvements in body composition, strength, and total body water distribution with little to no adverse effect on cardiac function.

Effects of a home based exercise rehabilitation program for cancer survivors / Laura Stefani, Riggs Klika, Gabriele Mascherini, Francesca Mazzoni, Alice Lunghi , Cristian Petri, Paolo Petreni, Francesco Di Costanzo, Nicola Maffulli, Giorgio Galanti. - In: JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS. - ISSN 0022-4707. - ELETTRONICO. - 5:(2019), pp. 846-852. [10.23736/S0022-4707.18.08908-9]

Effects of a home based exercise rehabilitation program for cancer survivors

Laura Stefani
;
Gabriele Mascherini;Francesca Mazzoni;Alice Lunghi;Cristian Petri;Paolo Petreni;Francesco Di Costanzo;Giorgio Galanti
2019

Abstract

Background: Aerobic and resistance exercises have been promoted recently to improve quality of life in cancer patients. Most cancer survivorship rehabilitation programs consists of supervised exercise programs; however, less data is available on the effects of unsupervised or home-based exercise interventions. The study aimed to compare the physical and physiologic changes in a group of cancer survivors (CS) and a control group of non-cancer, health controls (HC) who participated in individualized home-based aerobic and resistance exercises for 12 months. Methods: Thirty-three surviving cancer survivors (CS) aged 55.6±3 y were enrolled for 1 year of unsupervised exercise prescription programs. Anthropometric parameters hydration status, fitness, and echocardiographic examination were measured every six month and compared to10 HC (aged 52.6 ± 7.7 y) individuals prior to starting the program (t0) and at 6 (t6) and 12 (t12) months. Results: Among the CS subjects a significant reductions in waist circumference t0: 97.5 ±15.2; t6: 86.6 ±13.5; t12: 85.8 ± 13.9, p<0.05; body cell mass% t0: 50.9±4.7; t6: 52.3±4.4; t12: 53.7±3.7; p<0.05 and extracellular mass %, t0: 49.1±4.7 t6; 47.6±4.4, t12: 46.2±3.7, p < 0.05, were observed as well significant improvements in lower body muscle strength (chair test t0: 13.3±4.1, t6: 14.2±3.5, t12: 15.1±3.2; p<0.05). Changes in functionality and heart function were similar between CS and HC’s. Conclusions: Individually prescribed home-based exercise programs were cost effective, safe and resulted in modest improvements in body composition, strength, and total body water distribution with little to no adverse effect on cardiac function.
2019
5
846
852
Goal 3: Good health and well-being for people
Laura Stefani, Riggs Klika, Gabriele Mascherini, Francesca Mazzoni, Alice Lunghi , Cristian Petri, Paolo Petreni, Francesco Di Costanzo, Nicola Maffulli, Giorgio Galanti
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Effects of a home-based exercise rehabilitation program for cancer survivors.pdf

Accesso chiuso

Tipologia: Pdf editoriale (Version of record)
Licenza: DRM non definito
Dimensione 4.1 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
4.1 MB Adobe PDF   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1134598
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 16
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 14
social impact