BACKGROUND: The effect of optical coherence tomography (OCT) guidance on the implantation strategy during all phases of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVSs) in a real-world scenario has been poorly investigated. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing BVS implantation at our institution were included in this registry. Frequency-domain OCT pullbacks were performed at the operator's discretion during all phases of BVS implantation procedures to optimize preparation of lesions, confirm BVS size, and optimize expansion and apposition of scaffolds. RESULTS: Between September 2012 and July 2015, 203 BVSs were implanted in 101 consecutive patients at our institution (2.01 BVSs/patient). In 66 patients, the procedure was performed under OCT guidance. In the OCT subgroup, 66 (77.6%) of the 85 treated lesions were complex (B2/C AHA/ACC type). Overall, 147 OCT pullbacks were performed and 72/147 (49.0%) pullbacks indicated the need for changing strategy. After angiography-only-guided optimisation of BVS in 27 (31.8%) lesions, an OCT examination prompted performance of a second post-expansion. This resulted in an increase in the minimal scaffold area (5.5 to 6.3mm(2), p=0.004) and a decrease in the incomplete scaffold apposition area (1.1 to 0.6mm(2), p=0.082), with no new stent fractures. When the population was divided according to the time of BVS implantation, an initial learning adaptation became evident, with the number of OCT-guided changes in strategy significantly decreasing between the initial and final time periods (p=0.017). CONCLUSIONS: OCT guidance for BVS implantation significantly affects the procedural strategy, with favourable effects on acute results and the learning curve.

Optical coherence tomography guidance for percutaneous coronary intervention with bioresorbable scaffolds / Caiazzo, Gianluca; Longo, Giovanni; Giavarini, Alessandra; Kilic, Ismail Dogu; Fabris, Enrico; Serdoz, Roberta; Mattesini, Alessio; Foin, Nicolas; Secco, Gioel Gabrio; De Rosa, Salvatore; Indolfi, Ciro; Di Mario, Carlo*. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0167-5273. - ELETTRONICO. - 221:(2016), pp. 352-358. [10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.07.033]

Optical coherence tomography guidance for percutaneous coronary intervention with bioresorbable scaffolds

Mattesini, Alessio;Di Mario, Carlo
2016

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The effect of optical coherence tomography (OCT) guidance on the implantation strategy during all phases of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVSs) in a real-world scenario has been poorly investigated. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing BVS implantation at our institution were included in this registry. Frequency-domain OCT pullbacks were performed at the operator's discretion during all phases of BVS implantation procedures to optimize preparation of lesions, confirm BVS size, and optimize expansion and apposition of scaffolds. RESULTS: Between September 2012 and July 2015, 203 BVSs were implanted in 101 consecutive patients at our institution (2.01 BVSs/patient). In 66 patients, the procedure was performed under OCT guidance. In the OCT subgroup, 66 (77.6%) of the 85 treated lesions were complex (B2/C AHA/ACC type). Overall, 147 OCT pullbacks were performed and 72/147 (49.0%) pullbacks indicated the need for changing strategy. After angiography-only-guided optimisation of BVS in 27 (31.8%) lesions, an OCT examination prompted performance of a second post-expansion. This resulted in an increase in the minimal scaffold area (5.5 to 6.3mm(2), p=0.004) and a decrease in the incomplete scaffold apposition area (1.1 to 0.6mm(2), p=0.082), with no new stent fractures. When the population was divided according to the time of BVS implantation, an initial learning adaptation became evident, with the number of OCT-guided changes in strategy significantly decreasing between the initial and final time periods (p=0.017). CONCLUSIONS: OCT guidance for BVS implantation significantly affects the procedural strategy, with favourable effects on acute results and the learning curve.
2016
221
352
358
Caiazzo, Gianluca; Longo, Giovanni; Giavarini, Alessandra; Kilic, Ismail Dogu; Fabris, Enrico; Serdoz, Roberta; Mattesini, Alessio; Foin, Nicolas; Secco, Gioel Gabrio; De Rosa, Salvatore; Indolfi, Ciro; Di Mario, Carlo*
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1135904
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