OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and identify predictors of changes in functional capacity with CR in a consecutive series of older adults with a recent cardiac event. DESIGN: Observational. SETTING: In-hospital CR unit. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 75 and older referred to an outpatient CR Unit after an acute coronary event (unstable angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction) or cardiac surgery (coronary artery bypass grafting, heart valve replacement or repair) (N = 160, mean age 80 ± 4). MEASUREMENTS: Peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak, power) during a symptom-limited cardiopulmonary stress test, distance walked in a 6-minute walk test (6MWT, resistance), and peak torque (strength) using an isokinetic dynamometer, were assessed at baseline and at discharge from a 4-week supervised training program. RESULTS: Indexes of physical performance improved from baseline to discharge (VO2 peak, 10.9%; 6MWT, 11.0%; peak torque, 11.5%). Baseline performance was independently associated with changes in all three indexes, with higher baseline values predicting less improvement (VO2 peak: OR=0.86, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.77-0.97; 6MWT: OR= 0.99, 95% CI=0.99-1.00; peak torque: OR=0.96, 95% CI=0.94-0.98). CONCLUSION: An exercise-based CR program was associated with improvement in all domains of physical performance even in older adults after an acute coronary event or cardiac surgical intervention, particularly in those with poorer baseline performance.

Cardiac Rehabilitation in Very Old Adults: Effect of Baseline Functional Capacity on Treatment Effectiveness / Baldasseroni, Samuele; Pratesi, Alessandra; Francini, Sara; Pallante, Rachele; Barucci, Riccardo; Orso, Francesco; Burgisser, Costanza; Marchionni, Niccolò; Fattirolli, Francesco*. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY. - ISSN 0002-8614. - ELETTRONICO. - 64:(2016), pp. 1640-1645. [10.1111/jgs.14239]

Cardiac Rehabilitation in Very Old Adults: Effect of Baseline Functional Capacity on Treatment Effectiveness

Baldasseroni, Samuele
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Pratesi, Alessandra
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Francini, Sara
Investigation
;
PALLANTE, RACHELE
Investigation
;
Barucci, Riccardo
Investigation
;
Orso, Francesco
Validation
;
Burgisser, Costanza
Investigation
;
Marchionni, Niccolò
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Fattirolli, Francesco
Conceptualization
2016

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and identify predictors of changes in functional capacity with CR in a consecutive series of older adults with a recent cardiac event. DESIGN: Observational. SETTING: In-hospital CR unit. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 75 and older referred to an outpatient CR Unit after an acute coronary event (unstable angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction) or cardiac surgery (coronary artery bypass grafting, heart valve replacement or repair) (N = 160, mean age 80 ± 4). MEASUREMENTS: Peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak, power) during a symptom-limited cardiopulmonary stress test, distance walked in a 6-minute walk test (6MWT, resistance), and peak torque (strength) using an isokinetic dynamometer, were assessed at baseline and at discharge from a 4-week supervised training program. RESULTS: Indexes of physical performance improved from baseline to discharge (VO2 peak, 10.9%; 6MWT, 11.0%; peak torque, 11.5%). Baseline performance was independently associated with changes in all three indexes, with higher baseline values predicting less improvement (VO2 peak: OR=0.86, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.77-0.97; 6MWT: OR= 0.99, 95% CI=0.99-1.00; peak torque: OR=0.96, 95% CI=0.94-0.98). CONCLUSION: An exercise-based CR program was associated with improvement in all domains of physical performance even in older adults after an acute coronary event or cardiac surgical intervention, particularly in those with poorer baseline performance.
2016
64
1640
1645
Baldasseroni, Samuele; Pratesi, Alessandra; Francini, Sara; Pallante, Rachele; Barucci, Riccardo; Orso, Francesco; Burgisser, Costanza; Marchionni, Niccolò; Fattirolli, Francesco*
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1149264
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