Muon absorption radiography is an imaging technique based on the measurement of the absorption of cosmic ray muons. This technique has recently been used successfully to investigate the presence of unknown cavities in the Bourbon Gallery in Naples and in the Chephren Pyramid at Cairo. The MIMA detector (Muon Imaging for Mining and Archaeology) is a prototype muon tracker for muon radiography for application in the fields of archaelogy and mining. It is made of three pairs of X-Y planes each consisting of 21 scintillator bars with a silicon photomultiplier readout. The detector is compact, robust, easily transportable, and has a low power consumption: all of which makes the detector ideal for measurements in confined and isolated environments. With this detector, a measurement from inside the Temperino mine in the San Silvestro archaeo-mining park in Tuscany was performed. The park includes about 25 km of mining tunnels arranged on several levels that have been exploited from the Etruscan time. The measured muon absorption was compared to the simulated one, obtained from the information provided by 3D laser scanner measurements and cartographic maps of the mountain above the mine, in order to obtain information about the average density of the rock. This allowed one to confirm the presence of a partially accessible exploitation opening and provided some hints regarding the presence of a high-density body within the rock.

Muon radiography of ancient mines: The San Silvestro archaeo-mining park (Campiglia Marittima, Tuscany) / Baccani G.; Bonechi L.; Bongi M.; Brocchini D.; Casagli N.; Ciaranfi R.; Cimmino L.; Ciulli V.; D’Alessandro R.; Del Ventisette C.; Dini A.; Gigli G.; Gonzi S.; Guideri S.; Lombardi L.; Melon B.; Mori N.; Nocentini M.; Noli P.; Saracino G.; Viliani L.. - In: UNIVERSE. - ISSN 2218-1997. - ELETTRONICO. - 5(1):(2019), pp. 1-10. [10.3390/universe5010034]

Muon radiography of ancient mines: The San Silvestro archaeo-mining park (Campiglia Marittima, Tuscany)

Baccani G.;Bonechi L.;Bongi M.;Casagli N.;Ciulli V.;D’Alessandro R.;Del Ventisette C.;Gigli G.;Gonzi S.;Lombardi L.;Melon B.;Mori N.;Nocentini M.;Viliani L.
2019

Abstract

Muon absorption radiography is an imaging technique based on the measurement of the absorption of cosmic ray muons. This technique has recently been used successfully to investigate the presence of unknown cavities in the Bourbon Gallery in Naples and in the Chephren Pyramid at Cairo. The MIMA detector (Muon Imaging for Mining and Archaeology) is a prototype muon tracker for muon radiography for application in the fields of archaelogy and mining. It is made of three pairs of X-Y planes each consisting of 21 scintillator bars with a silicon photomultiplier readout. The detector is compact, robust, easily transportable, and has a low power consumption: all of which makes the detector ideal for measurements in confined and isolated environments. With this detector, a measurement from inside the Temperino mine in the San Silvestro archaeo-mining park in Tuscany was performed. The park includes about 25 km of mining tunnels arranged on several levels that have been exploited from the Etruscan time. The measured muon absorption was compared to the simulated one, obtained from the information provided by 3D laser scanner measurements and cartographic maps of the mountain above the mine, in order to obtain information about the average density of the rock. This allowed one to confirm the presence of a partially accessible exploitation opening and provided some hints regarding the presence of a high-density body within the rock.
2019
5(1)
1
10
Goal 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure
Baccani G.; Bonechi L.; Bongi M.; Brocchini D.; Casagli N.; Ciaranfi R.; Cimmino L.; Ciulli V.; D’Alessandro R.; Del Ventisette C.; Dini A.; Gigli G.; Gonzi S.; Guideri S.; Lombardi L.; Melon B.; Mori N.; Nocentini M.; Noli P.; Saracino G.; Viliani L.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1152935
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