Summary Ports are open systems with direct connection to the sea, therefore any potential impact on port waters may have implications for the health of adjacent marine ecosystems. European WFD addressed ports in the category of Heavily Modified Water Bodies (HMWBs) and promoted implementation of protocols to monitor and improve their ecological status. TRIX index, which incorporates the main variables involved in the trophism of marine ecosystems (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Chlorophyll a, Dissolved Oxygen), is widely utilized in European coastal areas to evaluate trophic status. The relationships between the variables involved in TRIX computation, particularly Chlorophyll a concentration, and water spectral reflectance provides an alternative method to evaluate the quality and ecological status of the port water. Hyperspectral (380–710 nm) water reflectance data were recorded by a portable radiometric system in five ports from the Western and Eastern Mediterranean Basin. The spectral distance between samples was measured by two metrics using both the original and reduced spectra and was implemented within a hierarchical clustering algorithm. The four spectral classes that emerged from this operation were statistically analysed versus standard water quality descriptors and phytoplankton community features to evaluate the ecological significance of the information obtained. The results indicated a substantial coherence of different indicators with more than 60% of the total TRIX variability is accounted for by the proposed classification of reflectance spectra. This classification is therefore proposed as a promising Rapid Assessment Technique of ports water ecological quality, which can serve as an effective monitoring tool for sustainable management of ports.

Reflectance spectra classification for the rapid assessment of water ecological quality in Mediterranean ports / Luca Massi, Fabio Maselli, Claudia Rossano, Simone Gambineri, Evangelia Chatzinikolaou, Thanos Dailianis, Christos Arvanitidis, Caterina Nuccio, Felicita Scapini, Luigi Lazzara. - In: OCEANOLOGIA. - ISSN 0078-3234. - ELETTRONICO. - 61:(2019), pp. 445-459. [10.1016/j.oceano.2019.04.001]

Reflectance spectra classification for the rapid assessment of water ecological quality in Mediterranean ports

Luca Massi
;
Fabio Maselli;Claudia Rossano;Simone Gambineri;Caterina Nuccio;Felicita Scapini;Luigi Lazzara
2019

Abstract

Summary Ports are open systems with direct connection to the sea, therefore any potential impact on port waters may have implications for the health of adjacent marine ecosystems. European WFD addressed ports in the category of Heavily Modified Water Bodies (HMWBs) and promoted implementation of protocols to monitor and improve their ecological status. TRIX index, which incorporates the main variables involved in the trophism of marine ecosystems (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Chlorophyll a, Dissolved Oxygen), is widely utilized in European coastal areas to evaluate trophic status. The relationships between the variables involved in TRIX computation, particularly Chlorophyll a concentration, and water spectral reflectance provides an alternative method to evaluate the quality and ecological status of the port water. Hyperspectral (380–710 nm) water reflectance data were recorded by a portable radiometric system in five ports from the Western and Eastern Mediterranean Basin. The spectral distance between samples was measured by two metrics using both the original and reduced spectra and was implemented within a hierarchical clustering algorithm. The four spectral classes that emerged from this operation were statistically analysed versus standard water quality descriptors and phytoplankton community features to evaluate the ecological significance of the information obtained. The results indicated a substantial coherence of different indicators with more than 60% of the total TRIX variability is accounted for by the proposed classification of reflectance spectra. This classification is therefore proposed as a promising Rapid Assessment Technique of ports water ecological quality, which can serve as an effective monitoring tool for sustainable management of ports.
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445
459
Luca Massi, Fabio Maselli, Claudia Rossano, Simone Gambineri, Evangelia Chatzinikolaou, Thanos Dailianis, Christos Arvanitidis, Caterina Nuccio, Felicita Scapini, Luigi Lazzara
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1155672
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