Aging and neurodegenerative diseases share a condition of neuroinflammation entailing the production of endogenous cell debris in the CNS that must be removed by microglia (i.e., resident macrophages), to restore tissue homeostasis. In this context, extension of microglial cell branches toward cell debris underlies the mecha- nisms of microglial migration and phagocytosis. Amoeboid morphology and the consequent loss of microglial branch functionality characterizes dysregulated microglia. Microglial migration is assisted by another glial pop- ulation, the astroglia, which forms a dense meshwork of cytoplasmic projections. Amoeboid microglia and dis- rupted astrocyte meshwork are consistent traits in aged CNS. In this study, we assessed a possible correlation between microglia and astroglia morphology in rat models of chronic neuroinflammation and aging, by 3- dimensional confocal analysis implemented with particle analysis. Our findings suggest that a microglia-astroglia interaction occurs in rat hippocampus via cell-cell contacts, mediating microglial cell branching in the presence of inflammation. In aged rats, the impairment of such an interaction correlates with altered distribution, morphology, and inefficient clearance by microglia. These data support the idea that generally accepted functional boundaries between microglia and astrocytes should be re-evaluated to better understand how their functions overlap and interact.

Aging and neurodegenerative diseases share a condition of neuroinflammation entailing the production of endogenous cell debris in the CNS that must be removed by microglia (i.e., resident macrophages), to restore tissue homeostasis. In this context, extension of microglial cell branches toward cell debris underlies the mechanisms of microglial migration and phagocytosis. Amoeboid morphology and the consequent loss of microglial branch functionality characterizes dysregulated microglia. Microglial migration is assisted by another glial population, the astroglia, which forms a dense meshwork of cytoplasmic projections. Amoeboid microglia and disrupted astrocyte meshwork are consistent traits in aged CNS. In this study, we assessed a possible correlation between microglia and astroglia morphology in rat models of chronic neuroinflammation and aging, by 3-dimensional confocal analysis implemented with particle analysis. Our findings suggest that a microglia-astroglia interaction occurs in rat hippocampus via cell-cell contacts, mediating microglial cell branching in the presence of inflammation. In aged rats, the impairment of such an interaction correlates with altered distribution, morphology, and inefficient clearance by microglia. These data support the idea that generally accepted functional boundaries between microglia and astrocytes should be re-evaluated to better understand how their functions overlap and interact.Lana, D., Ugolini, F., Wenk, G. L., Giovannini, M. G., Zecchi-Orlandini, S., Nosi, D. Microglial distribution, branching, and clearance activity in aged rat hippocampus are affected by astrocyte meshwork integrity: evidence of a novel cell-cell interglial interaction.

Microglial distribution, branching, and clearance activity in aged rat hippocampus are affected by astrocyte meshwork integrity: evidence of a novel cell-cell interglial interaction / Lana, Daniele; Ugolini, Filippo; Wenk, Gary L; Giovannini, Maria Grazia; Zecchi-Orlandini, Sandra; Nosi, Daniele. - In: THE FASEB JOURNAL. - ISSN 0892-6638. - STAMPA. - 33:3(2019), pp. 4007-4020. [10.1096/fj.201801539R]

Microglial distribution, branching, and clearance activity in aged rat hippocampus are affected by astrocyte meshwork integrity: evidence of a novel cell-cell interglial interaction

Lana, Daniele
;
Ugolini, Filippo
;
Giovannini, Maria Grazia
;
Zecchi-Orlandini, Sandra
;
Nosi, Daniele
2019

Abstract

Aging and neurodegenerative diseases share a condition of neuroinflammation entailing the production of endogenous cell debris in the CNS that must be removed by microglia (i.e., resident macrophages), to restore tissue homeostasis. In this context, extension of microglial cell branches toward cell debris underlies the mechanisms of microglial migration and phagocytosis. Amoeboid morphology and the consequent loss of microglial branch functionality characterizes dysregulated microglia. Microglial migration is assisted by another glial population, the astroglia, which forms a dense meshwork of cytoplasmic projections. Amoeboid microglia and disrupted astrocyte meshwork are consistent traits in aged CNS. In this study, we assessed a possible correlation between microglia and astroglia morphology in rat models of chronic neuroinflammation and aging, by 3-dimensional confocal analysis implemented with particle analysis. Our findings suggest that a microglia-astroglia interaction occurs in rat hippocampus via cell-cell contacts, mediating microglial cell branching in the presence of inflammation. In aged rats, the impairment of such an interaction correlates with altered distribution, morphology, and inefficient clearance by microglia. These data support the idea that generally accepted functional boundaries between microglia and astrocytes should be re-evaluated to better understand how their functions overlap and interact.Lana, D., Ugolini, F., Wenk, G. L., Giovannini, M. G., Zecchi-Orlandini, S., Nosi, D. Microglial distribution, branching, and clearance activity in aged rat hippocampus are affected by astrocyte meshwork integrity: evidence of a novel cell-cell interglial interaction.
2019
33
4007
4020
Aging and neurodegenerative diseases share a condition of neuroinflammation entailing the production of endogenous cell debris in the CNS that must be removed by microglia (i.e., resident macrophages), to restore tissue homeostasis. In this context, extension of microglial cell branches toward cell debris underlies the mecha- nisms of microglial migration and phagocytosis. Amoeboid morphology and the consequent loss of microglial branch functionality characterizes dysregulated microglia. Microglial migration is assisted by another glial pop- ulation, the astroglia, which forms a dense meshwork of cytoplasmic projections. Amoeboid microglia and dis- rupted astrocyte meshwork are consistent traits in aged CNS. In this study, we assessed a possible correlation between microglia and astroglia morphology in rat models of chronic neuroinflammation and aging, by 3- dimensional confocal analysis implemented with particle analysis. Our findings suggest that a microglia-astroglia interaction occurs in rat hippocampus via cell-cell contacts, mediating microglial cell branching in the presence of inflammation. In aged rats, the impairment of such an interaction correlates with altered distribution, morphology, and inefficient clearance by microglia. These data support the idea that generally accepted functional boundaries between microglia and astrocytes should be re-evaluated to better understand how their functions overlap and interact.
Lana, Daniele; Ugolini, Filippo; Wenk, Gary L; Giovannini, Maria Grazia; Zecchi-Orlandini, Sandra; Nosi, Daniele
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1161204
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