BACKGROUND: Concerns have been raised on the risk of lower limb amputations with SGLT-2 inhibitors. Aim of the present metanalysis is the assessment of the effect of SGLT-2inhibitors on peripheral artery disease and lower limb amputations in randomized controlled trials performed in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A Medline and Embase search for "Canaglifozin" OR "Dapaglifozin" OR "Empaglifozin" OR "Ertuglifozin" OR "Ipraglifozin" OR Tofoglifozin" OR "Luseoglifozin" was performed, collecting randomized clinical trials (duration > 12 weeks) up to December 1st, 2018, comparing SGLT-2i at approved dose with placebo or other active comparators different from SGLT-2 inhibitors. Furthermore, unpublished studies were searched in the www.clinicaltrials.gov register. Separate analyses were performed for individual molecules of the class. In addition, a separate analysis was performed for placebo-controlled trials. Mantel-Haenszel odds ratio with 95% Confidence Interval (MH-OR) was calculated for all outcomes defined above. RESULTS: A total of 27 trials fulfilling the inclusion criteria was identified. The overall incidence of peripheral artery disease was increased with SGLT-2 inhibitors (MH-OR: 1.26 [1.04, 1.52]). The increase of risk was statistically significant only with canagliflozin. MH-OR for amputation in the three cardiovascular safety trials with SGLT-2 inhibitors was 1.22 [0.59-2.52]. CONCLUSIONS: At present, there is no reason to believe that empagliflozin or dapagliflozin increase the risk of either peripheral artery disease of lower limb amputations. Canagliflozin could be associated with a specific risk, which needs to be further investigated.

Peripheral artery disease and amputations with Sodium-Glucose co-Transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials / Dicembrini I.; Tomberli B.; Nreu B.; Baldereschi G.I.; Fanelli F.; Mannucci E.; Monami M.. - In: DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE. - ISSN 0168-8227. - STAMPA. - 153:(2019), pp. 138-144. [10.1016/j.diabres.2019.05.028]

Peripheral artery disease and amputations with Sodium-Glucose co-Transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Dicembrini I.;Tomberli B.;Nreu B.;BALDERESCHI, GIORGIO IACOPO;Mannucci E.;Monami M.
2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Concerns have been raised on the risk of lower limb amputations with SGLT-2 inhibitors. Aim of the present metanalysis is the assessment of the effect of SGLT-2inhibitors on peripheral artery disease and lower limb amputations in randomized controlled trials performed in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A Medline and Embase search for "Canaglifozin" OR "Dapaglifozin" OR "Empaglifozin" OR "Ertuglifozin" OR "Ipraglifozin" OR Tofoglifozin" OR "Luseoglifozin" was performed, collecting randomized clinical trials (duration > 12 weeks) up to December 1st, 2018, comparing SGLT-2i at approved dose with placebo or other active comparators different from SGLT-2 inhibitors. Furthermore, unpublished studies were searched in the www.clinicaltrials.gov register. Separate analyses were performed for individual molecules of the class. In addition, a separate analysis was performed for placebo-controlled trials. Mantel-Haenszel odds ratio with 95% Confidence Interval (MH-OR) was calculated for all outcomes defined above. RESULTS: A total of 27 trials fulfilling the inclusion criteria was identified. The overall incidence of peripheral artery disease was increased with SGLT-2 inhibitors (MH-OR: 1.26 [1.04, 1.52]). The increase of risk was statistically significant only with canagliflozin. MH-OR for amputation in the three cardiovascular safety trials with SGLT-2 inhibitors was 1.22 [0.59-2.52]. CONCLUSIONS: At present, there is no reason to believe that empagliflozin or dapagliflozin increase the risk of either peripheral artery disease of lower limb amputations. Canagliflozin could be associated with a specific risk, which needs to be further investigated.
2019
153
138
144
Dicembrini I.; Tomberli B.; Nreu B.; Baldereschi G.I.; Fanelli F.; Mannucci E.; Monami M.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0168822719301299-main-2.pdf

Accesso chiuso

Tipologia: Pdf editoriale (Version of record)
Licenza: DRM non definito
Dimensione 1.57 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.57 MB Adobe PDF   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1162325
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 31
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 28
social impact