The establishment of a modern fruit culture in developing countries requests an accurate evaluation of the preexisting germplasm and its health status. This to prevent the possibility to introduce new germplasm which can be easily prey of the endemic diseases carried by asymptomathic host plants. Therefore, after the identification of cases of citrus plants affected by Tristeza virus, a survey of the germplasm cultivated in the Nangarhar valley and some nearby regions was run. The survey was focussed on the identification of the main Citrus species widely cultivated using barcoding analysis of conserved sequences located in the plastid DNA. The sequence of matK and rbcl genes did not show any discriminatory ability while the analysis of the the non-coding psbA-trnH intergenic spacer (psbA-trnH) showed a robust single nucleotide polymorphism (sNP) discriminating C. aurantium from C. sinensis in all analysed samples. The afghan Citrus germplasm belong to the C. aurantium species which is commonly used in citrus culture as a rootstock. In Afghanistan it is widely cultivated for fresh consumption, without topworking with selected varieties and this may be the reason why symptoms are often mild and cultivation can be anyhow carried on.

Barcoding assessment of the Citrus species cultivated in the eastern Afghanistan / Massimo Gori, Simona Pecchioli, Edgardo Giordani, Mohammad Aziz Saeedi, Fazal Haq Wafa, Stefano Biricolti. - In: ADVANCES IN HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE. - ISSN 1592-1573. - STAMPA. - 33:(2019), pp. 403-408. [10.13128/ahs-25648]

Barcoding assessment of the Citrus species cultivated in the eastern Afghanistan

Massimo Gori
Methodology
;
Edgardo Giordani
Project Administration
;
Stefano Biricolti
Supervision
2019

Abstract

The establishment of a modern fruit culture in developing countries requests an accurate evaluation of the preexisting germplasm and its health status. This to prevent the possibility to introduce new germplasm which can be easily prey of the endemic diseases carried by asymptomathic host plants. Therefore, after the identification of cases of citrus plants affected by Tristeza virus, a survey of the germplasm cultivated in the Nangarhar valley and some nearby regions was run. The survey was focussed on the identification of the main Citrus species widely cultivated using barcoding analysis of conserved sequences located in the plastid DNA. The sequence of matK and rbcl genes did not show any discriminatory ability while the analysis of the the non-coding psbA-trnH intergenic spacer (psbA-trnH) showed a robust single nucleotide polymorphism (sNP) discriminating C. aurantium from C. sinensis in all analysed samples. The afghan Citrus germplasm belong to the C. aurantium species which is commonly used in citrus culture as a rootstock. In Afghanistan it is widely cultivated for fresh consumption, without topworking with selected varieties and this may be the reason why symptoms are often mild and cultivation can be anyhow carried on.
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Massimo Gori, Simona Pecchioli, Edgardo Giordani, Mohammad Aziz Saeedi, Fazal Haq Wafa, Stefano Biricolti
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1164454
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