A randomised, open, crossover trial with two intervention periods was used to compare the effects of a 3-month dietary intervention with Mediterranean diet (MD) and vegetarian diet (VD) on hormones that influence energy balance, and to investigate the relationship with changes in body composition. After 3 months, no significant differences between the two diets were observed. Both MD and VD resulted in a significant (p<.05) reduction in leptin-to-adiponectin ratio and anthropometric parameters, MD resulted in a significant decrease in leptin levels (–7.4%), while VD determined a significant increase in adiponectin (þ6.8%) and a significant decrease in visfatin (–12.7%) levels. In both groups, changes in leptin, insulin and HOMA-IR were significantly and positively correlated with changes in anthropometric parameters. In conclusion, both MD and VD have led to a slight but significant improvement in hormones that influence energy balance. The effect was more evident in participants who lost weight and fat mass.

Effects of a dietary intervention with Mediterranean and vegetarian diets on hormones that influence energy balance: results from the CARDIVEG study / Dinu, Monica; Colombini, Barbara; Pagliai, Giuditta; Cesari, Francesca; Gori, Anna maria; Giusti, Betti; Marcucci, Rossella; Sofi, Francesco. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCES AND NUTRITION. - ISSN 0963-7486. - STAMPA. - 71:(2020), pp. 362-369. [10.1080/09637486.2019.1658723]

Effects of a dietary intervention with Mediterranean and vegetarian diets on hormones that influence energy balance: results from the CARDIVEG study

Dinu, Monica
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Colombini, Barbara
Formal Analysis
;
Pagliai, Giuditta
Investigation
;
Cesari, Francesca
Investigation
;
Gori, Anna maria
Investigation
;
Giusti, Betti
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Marcucci, Rossella
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Sofi, Francesco
Supervision
2020

Abstract

A randomised, open, crossover trial with two intervention periods was used to compare the effects of a 3-month dietary intervention with Mediterranean diet (MD) and vegetarian diet (VD) on hormones that influence energy balance, and to investigate the relationship with changes in body composition. After 3 months, no significant differences between the two diets were observed. Both MD and VD resulted in a significant (p<.05) reduction in leptin-to-adiponectin ratio and anthropometric parameters, MD resulted in a significant decrease in leptin levels (–7.4%), while VD determined a significant increase in adiponectin (þ6.8%) and a significant decrease in visfatin (–12.7%) levels. In both groups, changes in leptin, insulin and HOMA-IR were significantly and positively correlated with changes in anthropometric parameters. In conclusion, both MD and VD have led to a slight but significant improvement in hormones that influence energy balance. The effect was more evident in participants who lost weight and fat mass.
2020
71
362
369
Goal 3: Good health and well-being for people
Dinu, Monica; Colombini, Barbara; Pagliai, Giuditta; Cesari, Francesca; Gori, Anna maria; Giusti, Betti; Marcucci, Rossella; Sofi, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1170062
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