Parvovirus B19 (B19V) has been proposed as a triggering agent for some autoimmune diseases including systemic sclerosis (SSc). In this study, we investigated whether B19V infection in vitro differently activates inflammatory pathways, including those dependent on caspase-1 activation, in monocytes from patients with SSc and healthy controls. We showed that B19V can infect both THP-1 cells and primary monocytes but is not able to replicate in these cells. B19V infection increases the production of tumor necrosis factor-α and induces NLRP3-mediated caspase-1 activation in both THP-1 cells differentiated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and in monocytes from patients with SSc but not from healthy controls. B19V infection was sufficient for THP-1 to produce mature IL-1β. Monocytes from patients with SSc required an additional stimulus, here represented by lipopolysaccharides, to activate cytokine genes. Following B19V infection, however, lipopolysaccharide-activated monocytes from patients with SSc strongly increased the production of IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α. Altogether, these data suggest that viral components might potentiate the response to endogenous and/or exogenous toll-like receptor 4 ligands in monocytes from patients with SSc. The B19V-mediated activation of inflammatory pathways in monocytes might contribute to the disease progression and/or development of specific clinical phenotypes.

Effects of Parvovirus B19 In Vitro Infection on Monocytes from Patients with Systemic Sclerosis: Enhanced Inflammatory Pathways by Caspase-1 Activation and Cytokine Production / Zakrzewska K.; Arvia R.; Torcia M.G.; Clemente A.M.; Tanturli M.; Castronovo G.; Sighinolfi G.; Giuggioli D.; Ferri C.. - In: JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE DERMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-202X. - ELETTRONICO. - 139:(2019), pp. 0-0. [10.1016/j.jid.2019.03.1144]

Effects of Parvovirus B19 In Vitro Infection on Monocytes from Patients with Systemic Sclerosis: Enhanced Inflammatory Pathways by Caspase-1 Activation and Cytokine Production

Zakrzewska K.;Arvia R.;Torcia M. G.;Clemente A. M.;Tanturli M.;Castronovo G.;
2019

Abstract

Parvovirus B19 (B19V) has been proposed as a triggering agent for some autoimmune diseases including systemic sclerosis (SSc). In this study, we investigated whether B19V infection in vitro differently activates inflammatory pathways, including those dependent on caspase-1 activation, in monocytes from patients with SSc and healthy controls. We showed that B19V can infect both THP-1 cells and primary monocytes but is not able to replicate in these cells. B19V infection increases the production of tumor necrosis factor-α and induces NLRP3-mediated caspase-1 activation in both THP-1 cells differentiated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and in monocytes from patients with SSc but not from healthy controls. B19V infection was sufficient for THP-1 to produce mature IL-1β. Monocytes from patients with SSc required an additional stimulus, here represented by lipopolysaccharides, to activate cytokine genes. Following B19V infection, however, lipopolysaccharide-activated monocytes from patients with SSc strongly increased the production of IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α. Altogether, these data suggest that viral components might potentiate the response to endogenous and/or exogenous toll-like receptor 4 ligands in monocytes from patients with SSc. The B19V-mediated activation of inflammatory pathways in monocytes might contribute to the disease progression and/or development of specific clinical phenotypes.
2019
139
0
0
Goal 3: Good health and well-being for people
Zakrzewska K.; Arvia R.; Torcia M.G.; Clemente A.M.; Tanturli M.; Castronovo G.; Sighinolfi G.; Giuggioli D.; Ferri C.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1171681
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