The heart is innervated by a dense sympathetic neuron network which, in the short term, controls chronotropy and inotropy and, in the long term, regulates cardiomyocyte size. Acute neurogenic control of heart rate is achieved locally through direct neuro-cardiac coupling at specific junctional sites (neuro-cardiac junctions). The ventricular sympathetic network topology is well-defined and characteristic for each mammalian species. In the present study, we used cell size regulation to determine whether long-term modulation of cardiac structure is achieved via direct sympatho-cardiac coupling. Local density of cardiac innervation correlated with cell size throughout the myocardial walls in all mammalian species analysed, including humans. The data obtained suggest that constitutive neurogenic control of cardiomyocyte trophism occurs through direct intercellular signalling at neuro-cardiac junctions.

Cardiac sympathetic innervation network shapes the myocardium by locally controlling cardiomyocyte size through the cellular proteolytic machinery / Pianca N.; Di Bona A.; Lazzeri E.; Costantini I.; Franzoso M.; Prando V.; Armani A.; Rizzo S.; Fedrigo M.; Angelini A.; Basso C.; Pavone F.S.; Rubart M.; Sacconi L.; Zaglia T.; Mongillo M.. - In: THE JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-3751. - STAMPA. - 597:(2019), pp. 3639-3656. [10.1113/JP276200]

Cardiac sympathetic innervation network shapes the myocardium by locally controlling cardiomyocyte size through the cellular proteolytic machinery

LAZZERI, ERICA;Costantini I.;Pavone F. S.;Sacconi L.;
2019

Abstract

The heart is innervated by a dense sympathetic neuron network which, in the short term, controls chronotropy and inotropy and, in the long term, regulates cardiomyocyte size. Acute neurogenic control of heart rate is achieved locally through direct neuro-cardiac coupling at specific junctional sites (neuro-cardiac junctions). The ventricular sympathetic network topology is well-defined and characteristic for each mammalian species. In the present study, we used cell size regulation to determine whether long-term modulation of cardiac structure is achieved via direct sympatho-cardiac coupling. Local density of cardiac innervation correlated with cell size throughout the myocardial walls in all mammalian species analysed, including humans. The data obtained suggest that constitutive neurogenic control of cardiomyocyte trophism occurs through direct intercellular signalling at neuro-cardiac junctions.
2019
597
3639
3656
Pianca N.; Di Bona A.; Lazzeri E.; Costantini I.; Franzoso M.; Prando V.; Armani A.; Rizzo S.; Fedrigo M.; Angelini A.; Basso C.; Pavone F.S.; Rubart M.; Sacconi L.; Zaglia T.; Mongillo M.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1173120
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