Nonagenarians are a fast-growing population deserving specific research. We explored the prevalence and characteristics of functionally independent nonagenarians from a rural community-dwelling Italian population. Data were collected in the Mugello Study; 475 persons aged ≥90 years (median age, 92) underwent a home-based clinical and functional assessment, including psychosocial, clinical, functional, and lifestyle history and status and physical and instrumental examinations. Sixty-eight (15%) persons reported no need for help in basic and instrumental daily living activities. Among variables significantly associated with independent functionality after age- and gender-adjusted cross-sectional analysis, lower body mass index (BMI; p = .034) and depressive symptoms (p = .028), higher current physical activity (p < .001), better cognitive status (p = .033), and lower medication intake (p = .048) were associated with reporting no disability in the logistic regression analysis. Disability was mainly associated with current lifestyle-related potentially modifiable factors. Thus, lifestyle-oriented multidimensional interventions, should be developed and evaluated for their potential effects on functionality, even in the oldest old.

Independent Functioning in Nonagenarians Living in a Rural Italian Community: The Mugello Study / Cecchi F.; Pancani S.; Molino-Lova R.; Castagnoli C.; Paperini A.; Boni R.; Gori G.; Macchi C; Vannetti F; Pasquini G; Sofi F; Gori AM; Turcan N; Valecchi D; Frandi R; Razzolini L; Fabbri V; Bonaccorsi G; Lorini C; Rasoini R; Alderighi C; Hocheitner I. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED GERONTOLOGY. - ISSN 0733-4648. - STAMPA. - 39:(2020), pp. 259-268. [10.1177/0733464819858575]

Independent Functioning in Nonagenarians Living in a Rural Italian Community: The Mugello Study

Cecchi F.;Macchi C;Sofi F;Gori AM;Razzolini L;Bonaccorsi G;Lorini C;
2020

Abstract

Nonagenarians are a fast-growing population deserving specific research. We explored the prevalence and characteristics of functionally independent nonagenarians from a rural community-dwelling Italian population. Data were collected in the Mugello Study; 475 persons aged ≥90 years (median age, 92) underwent a home-based clinical and functional assessment, including psychosocial, clinical, functional, and lifestyle history and status and physical and instrumental examinations. Sixty-eight (15%) persons reported no need for help in basic and instrumental daily living activities. Among variables significantly associated with independent functionality after age- and gender-adjusted cross-sectional analysis, lower body mass index (BMI; p = .034) and depressive symptoms (p = .028), higher current physical activity (p < .001), better cognitive status (p = .033), and lower medication intake (p = .048) were associated with reporting no disability in the logistic regression analysis. Disability was mainly associated with current lifestyle-related potentially modifiable factors. Thus, lifestyle-oriented multidimensional interventions, should be developed and evaluated for their potential effects on functionality, even in the oldest old.
2020
39
259
268
Goal 3: Good health and well-being for people
Cecchi F.; Pancani S.; Molino-Lova R.; Castagnoli C.; Paperini A.; Boni R.; Gori G.; Macchi C; Vannetti F; Pasquini G; Sofi F; Gori AM; Turcan N; Valecchi D; Frandi R; Razzolini L; Fabbri V; Bonaccorsi G; Lorini C; Rasoini R; Alderighi C; Hocheitner I
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
0733464819858575.pdf

Accesso chiuso

Tipologia: Pdf editoriale (Version of record)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati
Dimensione 140.33 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
140.33 kB Adobe PDF   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1173174
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact