This study sought to assess the impact of body mass index (BMI) on cardiac phenotypic and clinical course in a multicenter hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) cohort. At multivariate analysis, BMI proved independently associated with the magnitude of hypertrophy: pre-obese and obese HCM patients (BMI 25 to 30 kg/m2 and >30 kg/m2 , respectively) showed a 65% and 310% increased likelihood of an LV mass in the highest quartile (>120 g/m2 ), compared with normal weight patients (BMI <25 kg/m2 ; hazard ratio [HR]: 1.65; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.73 to 3.74, p ¼ 0.22 and 3.1; 95% CI: 1.42 to 6.86, p ¼ 0.004, respectively). Other features associated with LV mass >120 g/m2 were LV outflow obstruction (HR: 4.9; 95% CI: 2.4 to 9.8; p < 0.001), systemic hypertension (HR: 2.2; 95% CI: 1.1 to 4.5; p ¼ 0.026), and male sex (HR: 2.1; 95% CI: 0.9 to 4.7; p ¼ 0.083). During a median follow-up of 3.7 years (interquartile range: 2.5 to 5.3), obese patients showed an HR of 3.6 (95% CI: 1.2 to 10.7, p ¼ 0.02) for developing New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class III to IV symptoms compared to nonobese patients, independent of outflow obstruction. Noticeably, the proportion of patients in NYHA functional class III at the end of follow-up was 13% among obese patients, compared with 6% among those of normal weight (p ¼ 0.03).

Obesity and its association to phenotype and clinical course in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy / Olivotto I.; Maron B.J.; Tomberli B.; Appelbaum E.; Salton C.; Haas T.S.; Gibson C.M.; Nistri S.; Servettini E.; Chan R.H.; Udelson J.E.; Lesser J.R.; Cecchi F.; Manning W.J.; Maron M.S.. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0735-1097. - STAMPA. - 62:(2013), pp. 449-457. [10.1016/j.jacc.2013.03.062]

Obesity and its association to phenotype and clinical course in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Olivotto I.;Tomberli B.;Nistri S.;SERVETTINI, ELEONORA;Cecchi F.;
2013

Abstract

This study sought to assess the impact of body mass index (BMI) on cardiac phenotypic and clinical course in a multicenter hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) cohort. At multivariate analysis, BMI proved independently associated with the magnitude of hypertrophy: pre-obese and obese HCM patients (BMI 25 to 30 kg/m2 and >30 kg/m2 , respectively) showed a 65% and 310% increased likelihood of an LV mass in the highest quartile (>120 g/m2 ), compared with normal weight patients (BMI <25 kg/m2 ; hazard ratio [HR]: 1.65; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.73 to 3.74, p ¼ 0.22 and 3.1; 95% CI: 1.42 to 6.86, p ¼ 0.004, respectively). Other features associated with LV mass >120 g/m2 were LV outflow obstruction (HR: 4.9; 95% CI: 2.4 to 9.8; p < 0.001), systemic hypertension (HR: 2.2; 95% CI: 1.1 to 4.5; p ¼ 0.026), and male sex (HR: 2.1; 95% CI: 0.9 to 4.7; p ¼ 0.083). During a median follow-up of 3.7 years (interquartile range: 2.5 to 5.3), obese patients showed an HR of 3.6 (95% CI: 1.2 to 10.7, p ¼ 0.02) for developing New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class III to IV symptoms compared to nonobese patients, independent of outflow obstruction. Noticeably, the proportion of patients in NYHA functional class III at the end of follow-up was 13% among obese patients, compared with 6% among those of normal weight (p ¼ 0.03).
2013
62
449
457
Olivotto I.; Maron B.J.; Tomberli B.; Appelbaum E.; Salton C.; Haas T.S.; Gibson C.M.; Nistri S.; Servettini E.; Chan R.H.; Udelson J.E.; Lesser J.R.; Cecchi F.; Manning W.J.; Maron M.S.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1176059
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