Characterizing functional trait variation and covariation, and its drivers, is critical to understand the response of species to changing environmental conditions. Evolutionary and environmental factors determine how traits vary among and within species atmultiple scales. However, disentangling their relative contribution is challenging and a comprehensive trait–environment framework addressing such questions is missing in lichens. We investigated the variation in nine traits related to photosynthetic performance, water use and nutrient acquisition applying phylogenetic comparative analyses in lichen epiphytic communities on beech across Europe. These poikilohydric organisms offer a valuablemodel due to their inherent limitations to buffer contrasting environmental conditions. Photobiont type and growth form captured differences in certain physiological traits whose variation was largely determined by evolutionary processes (i.e. phylogenetic history), although the intraspecific componentwas non-negligible. Seasonal temperature fluctuations also had an impact on trait variation, while nitrogen content depended on photobiont type rather than nitrogen deposition. The inconsistency of trait covariation among and within species prevented establishing major resource use strategies in lichens. However, we did identify a general pattern related to the water-use strategy. Thus, to robustly unveil lichen responses under different climatic scenarios, it is necessary to incorporate both among and within-species trait variation and covariation.

Disentangling functional trait variation and covariation in epiphytic lichens along a continent-wide latitudinal gradient / Hurtado, P.; Prieto, M.; Martínez-Vilalta, J.; Giordani, P.; Aragón, G.; López-Angulo, J.; Košuthová, A.; Merinero, S.; Díaz-Peña, E. M.; Rosas, T.; Benesperi, R.; Bianchi, E.; Grube, M.; Mayrhofer, H.; Nascimbene, J.; Wedin, M.; Westberg, M.; Martínez, I.. - In: PROCEEDINGS - ROYAL SOCIETY. BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 0962-8452. - STAMPA. - 287:(2020), pp. 20192862-20192870. [10.1098/rspb.2019.2862]

Disentangling functional trait variation and covariation in epiphytic lichens along a continent-wide latitudinal gradient

Benesperi, R.;Bianchi, E.;
2020

Abstract

Characterizing functional trait variation and covariation, and its drivers, is critical to understand the response of species to changing environmental conditions. Evolutionary and environmental factors determine how traits vary among and within species atmultiple scales. However, disentangling their relative contribution is challenging and a comprehensive trait–environment framework addressing such questions is missing in lichens. We investigated the variation in nine traits related to photosynthetic performance, water use and nutrient acquisition applying phylogenetic comparative analyses in lichen epiphytic communities on beech across Europe. These poikilohydric organisms offer a valuablemodel due to their inherent limitations to buffer contrasting environmental conditions. Photobiont type and growth form captured differences in certain physiological traits whose variation was largely determined by evolutionary processes (i.e. phylogenetic history), although the intraspecific componentwas non-negligible. Seasonal temperature fluctuations also had an impact on trait variation, while nitrogen content depended on photobiont type rather than nitrogen deposition. The inconsistency of trait covariation among and within species prevented establishing major resource use strategies in lichens. However, we did identify a general pattern related to the water-use strategy. Thus, to robustly unveil lichen responses under different climatic scenarios, it is necessary to incorporate both among and within-species trait variation and covariation.
2020
287
20192862
20192870
Hurtado, P.; Prieto, M.; Martínez-Vilalta, J.; Giordani, P.; Aragón, G.; López-Angulo, J.; Košuthová, A.; Merinero, S.; Díaz-Peña, E. M.; Rosas, T.; Benesperi, R.; Bianchi, E.; Grube, M.; Mayrhofer, H.; Nascimbene, J.; Wedin, M.; Westberg, M.; Martínez, I.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1186359
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