During its late steps, the mitochondrial iron-sulfur cluster (ISC) assembly machinery leads to the formation of [4Fe-4S] clusters. In vivo studies revealed that several proteins are implicated in the biosynthesis and trafficking of [4Fe-4S] clusters in mitochondria. However, they do not provide a clear picture into how these proteins cooperate. Here, we showed that three late-acting components of the mitochondrial ISC assembly machinery (GLRX5, BOLA3, and NFU1) are part of a ISC assembly pathway leading to the synthesis of a [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster on NFU1. We showed that the [2Fe-2S]2+ GLRX5-BOLA3 complex transfers its cluster to monomeric apo NFU1 to form, in the presence of a reductant, a [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster bound to dimeric NFU1. The cluster formation on NFU1 does not occur with [2Fe-2S]2+ GLRX5, and thus, the [4Fe-4S] cluster assembly pathway is activated only in the presence of BOLA3. These results define NFU1 as an 'assembler' of [4Fe-4S] clusters, that is, a protein able of converting two [2Fe-2S]2+ clusters into a [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster. Finally, we found that the [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster bound to NFU1 has a coordination site which is easily accessible to sulfur-containing ligands, as is typically observed in metallochaperones. This finding supports a role for NFU1 in promoting rapid and controlled cluster-exchange reaction.

A pathway for assembling [4Fe-4S]2+ clusters in mitochondrial iron-sulfur protein biogenesis / Nasta V, Suraci D, Gourdoupis S, Ciofi-Baffoni S, Banci L. - In: THE FEBS JOURNAL. - ISSN 1742-464X. - STAMPA. - 287:(2020), pp. 2312-2327. [10.1111/febs.15140]

A pathway for assembling [4Fe-4S]2+ clusters in mitochondrial iron-sulfur protein biogenesis.

Nasta V;Suraci D;Gourdoupis S;Ciofi-Baffoni S
;
Banci L
2020

Abstract

During its late steps, the mitochondrial iron-sulfur cluster (ISC) assembly machinery leads to the formation of [4Fe-4S] clusters. In vivo studies revealed that several proteins are implicated in the biosynthesis and trafficking of [4Fe-4S] clusters in mitochondria. However, they do not provide a clear picture into how these proteins cooperate. Here, we showed that three late-acting components of the mitochondrial ISC assembly machinery (GLRX5, BOLA3, and NFU1) are part of a ISC assembly pathway leading to the synthesis of a [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster on NFU1. We showed that the [2Fe-2S]2+ GLRX5-BOLA3 complex transfers its cluster to monomeric apo NFU1 to form, in the presence of a reductant, a [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster bound to dimeric NFU1. The cluster formation on NFU1 does not occur with [2Fe-2S]2+ GLRX5, and thus, the [4Fe-4S] cluster assembly pathway is activated only in the presence of BOLA3. These results define NFU1 as an 'assembler' of [4Fe-4S] clusters, that is, a protein able of converting two [2Fe-2S]2+ clusters into a [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster. Finally, we found that the [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster bound to NFU1 has a coordination site which is easily accessible to sulfur-containing ligands, as is typically observed in metallochaperones. This finding supports a role for NFU1 in promoting rapid and controlled cluster-exchange reaction.
2020
287
2312
2327
Goal 3: Good health and well-being for people
Nasta V, Suraci D, Gourdoupis S, Ciofi-Baffoni S, Banci L
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1192319
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