Soil organic matter (SOM) represents a main fraction of superficial soil characterized by a mechanical-hydrological behaviour different from that of the inorganic fractions. In this study, a method to measure the SOM content was applied to 27 selected sites in Tuscany (central Italy) characterized by the presence of soil types common in the region: cambisols and regosols. The method included the contribution from root fragments, which is a fraction often neglected or underestimated in measurements, in the overall estimate of the SOM content. The retrieved SOM contents were analysed considering the vegetation cover at the sites and the selected attributes of geological interest, such as geotechnical parameters and the mineralogical composition of the soils. The SOM normalized to the bulk samples ranges between 1.8 and 8.9% by weight, with the highest values of the SOM content being associated with vegetation cover classes of forest and woodlands without shrubs. The SOM values showed close relationships with the abundance of the finer fractions (silt and clay) of the soil samples, and considering the relations with geotechnical properties, moderate correlations were found with the plasticity index, unit weight and effective friction angle, overall demonstrating the importance of considering SOM when the geotechnical and hydrological properties of soils are evaluated.

Soil organic matter relationships with the geotechnical-hydrological parameters, mineralogy and vegetation cover of hillslope deposits in Tuscany (Italy) / Masi E. B.; Bicocchi G.; Catani F.. - In: BULLETIN OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 1435-9529. - STAMPA. - 79:(2020), pp. 4005-4020. [10.1007/s10064-020-01819-6]

Soil organic matter relationships with the geotechnical-hydrological parameters, mineralogy and vegetation cover of hillslope deposits in Tuscany (Italy)

Masi E. B.;Bicocchi G.;Catani F.
2020

Abstract

Soil organic matter (SOM) represents a main fraction of superficial soil characterized by a mechanical-hydrological behaviour different from that of the inorganic fractions. In this study, a method to measure the SOM content was applied to 27 selected sites in Tuscany (central Italy) characterized by the presence of soil types common in the region: cambisols and regosols. The method included the contribution from root fragments, which is a fraction often neglected or underestimated in measurements, in the overall estimate of the SOM content. The retrieved SOM contents were analysed considering the vegetation cover at the sites and the selected attributes of geological interest, such as geotechnical parameters and the mineralogical composition of the soils. The SOM normalized to the bulk samples ranges between 1.8 and 8.9% by weight, with the highest values of the SOM content being associated with vegetation cover classes of forest and woodlands without shrubs. The SOM values showed close relationships with the abundance of the finer fractions (silt and clay) of the soil samples, and considering the relations with geotechnical properties, moderate correlations were found with the plasticity index, unit weight and effective friction angle, overall demonstrating the importance of considering SOM when the geotechnical and hydrological properties of soils are evaluated.
79
4005
4020
Goal 15: Life on land
Masi E. B.; Bicocchi G.; Catani F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/1193435
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