During the last years, many evidences have been accumulating about the phytohormone indole‐3‐acetic acid (IAA) as a multifaceted compound in the microbial world, with IAA playing a role as a bacterial intra and intercellular signaling molecule or as an effector during pathogenic or beneficial plant–bacteria interactions. However, pretty much nothing is known on the mechanisms that bacteria use to modulate IAA homeostasis, in particular on IAA active transport systems. Here, by an approach combining in silico three‐dimensional (3D) structural modeling and docking, mutagenesis, quantitative gene expression analysis, and HPLC FLD auxin quantitative detection, for the first time a bacterial multidrug and toxic compound extrusion (MATE) transporter was demonstrated to be involved in the efflux of IAA, as well as of its conjugate IAA–Lysine, in the plant pathogenic hyperplastic bacterium Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. nerii strain Psn23. Furthermore, according to the role proved to be played by Psn23 MatE in the development of plant disease, and to the presence of Psn23 MatE homologs in all the genomospecies of the P. syringae complex, this membrane transporter could likely represent a promising target for the design of novel and selective anti‐infective molecules for plant disease control.

A MATE Transporter is Involved in Pathogenicity and IAA Homeostasis in the Hyperplastic Plant Pathogen Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. nerii / Stefania Tegli, Lorenzo Bini, Silvia Calamai, Matteo Cerboneschi, Carola Biancalani. - In: MICROORGANISMS. - ISSN 2076-2607. - ELETTRONICO. - 8:(2020), pp. 0-0. [10.3390/microorganisms8020156]

A MATE Transporter is Involved in Pathogenicity and IAA Homeostasis in the Hyperplastic Plant Pathogen Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. nerii

Stefania Tegli
;
2020

Abstract

During the last years, many evidences have been accumulating about the phytohormone indole‐3‐acetic acid (IAA) as a multifaceted compound in the microbial world, with IAA playing a role as a bacterial intra and intercellular signaling molecule or as an effector during pathogenic or beneficial plant–bacteria interactions. However, pretty much nothing is known on the mechanisms that bacteria use to modulate IAA homeostasis, in particular on IAA active transport systems. Here, by an approach combining in silico three‐dimensional (3D) structural modeling and docking, mutagenesis, quantitative gene expression analysis, and HPLC FLD auxin quantitative detection, for the first time a bacterial multidrug and toxic compound extrusion (MATE) transporter was demonstrated to be involved in the efflux of IAA, as well as of its conjugate IAA–Lysine, in the plant pathogenic hyperplastic bacterium Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. nerii strain Psn23. Furthermore, according to the role proved to be played by Psn23 MatE in the development of plant disease, and to the presence of Psn23 MatE homologs in all the genomospecies of the P. syringae complex, this membrane transporter could likely represent a promising target for the design of novel and selective anti‐infective molecules for plant disease control.
2020
8
0
0
Goal 2: Zero hunger
Stefania Tegli, Lorenzo Bini, Silvia Calamai, Matteo Cerboneschi, Carola Biancalani
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1194248
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