As the price of next-generation sequencing keeps decreasing, cost is becoming a less important discriminator for diagnostic laboratories in choosing the preferred type of approach to genetic testing. Genome-wide sequencing strategies will plausibly become the standard first-tier tools for genetic testing, with the potential for deeper understanding of the genetic architecture of cardiomyopathies and discovery of the underlying aetiology in the many patients in whom the genetic cause remains elusive. Routine usage of extended sequencing assays will also enable “genetic-first diagnostics”, particularly for those patients affected with syndromic conditions of unclear genetic origin, often resulting in costly and distressing diagnostic odysseys before reaching a diagnosis. However, access to genome-wide data for all patients will need to be managed with rigour and caution by (cardiovascular) genetic professionals to avoid erroneous variant pathogenicity assertions and over-reporting uncertain findings, both damaging scenarios to patients and their family members. Researchers will also be required to adopt robust methods to demonstrate novel genetic associations with disease, given the high “narrative potential” of such large datasets and the dangers of generating further false positive associations (that have previously blighted the field of cardiac genetics). Here, we discuss advantages and dangers associated with the routine adoption of whole-exome (and whole-genome) sequencing in diagnostic facilities and in the research setting in the context of cardiomyopathies but relevant to several other conditions.

Advantages and Perils of Clinical Whole-Exome and Whole-Genome Sequencing in Cardiomyopathy / Mazzarotto F.; Olivotto I.; Walsh R.. - In: CARDIOVASCULAR DRUGS AND THERAPY. - ISSN 0920-3206. - STAMPA. - 34:(2020), pp. 241-253. [10.1007/s10557-020-06948-4]

Advantages and Perils of Clinical Whole-Exome and Whole-Genome Sequencing in Cardiomyopathy

Mazzarotto F.;Olivotto I.;
2020

Abstract

As the price of next-generation sequencing keeps decreasing, cost is becoming a less important discriminator for diagnostic laboratories in choosing the preferred type of approach to genetic testing. Genome-wide sequencing strategies will plausibly become the standard first-tier tools for genetic testing, with the potential for deeper understanding of the genetic architecture of cardiomyopathies and discovery of the underlying aetiology in the many patients in whom the genetic cause remains elusive. Routine usage of extended sequencing assays will also enable “genetic-first diagnostics”, particularly for those patients affected with syndromic conditions of unclear genetic origin, often resulting in costly and distressing diagnostic odysseys before reaching a diagnosis. However, access to genome-wide data for all patients will need to be managed with rigour and caution by (cardiovascular) genetic professionals to avoid erroneous variant pathogenicity assertions and over-reporting uncertain findings, both damaging scenarios to patients and their family members. Researchers will also be required to adopt robust methods to demonstrate novel genetic associations with disease, given the high “narrative potential” of such large datasets and the dangers of generating further false positive associations (that have previously blighted the field of cardiac genetics). Here, we discuss advantages and dangers associated with the routine adoption of whole-exome (and whole-genome) sequencing in diagnostic facilities and in the research setting in the context of cardiomyopathies but relevant to several other conditions.
2020
34
241
253
Mazzarotto F.; Olivotto I.; Walsh R.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1194500
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