Aims: Data about the association between periodontal disease or periodontitis (PD), diabetes and hyperglycemia have been reported mostly in patients with type 2 diabetes. Conversely, information about PD in type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is relatively scarce. The aim of this meta-analysis is therefore: (1) to assess the prevalence and severity of PD in patients affected by T1DM in comparison with the general population and (2) to verify the association between severity of PD and glycemic control in type 1 diabetics. Methods: An electronic search was performed on MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Trials and EMBASE, up to October 31, 2019. Estimates of prevalence of PD in T1DM were calculated together with Mantel–Haenszel odds ratios (MH-OR) of the risk of PD associated with T1DM; weighed mean difference in CAL between T1DM and control and weighed mean difference in CAL in patients with T1DM and unsatisfactory glycemic control as compared with those in good glycemic control were also evaluated. Results: The prevalence of PD in type 1 diabetes was 18.5 [8.0; 37.1] %; the MH-OR for PD is 2.51 (1.32;4.76) in T1DM patients versus general population (p = 0.005). The weighed mean difference in CAL depth between T1DM patients and controls is 0.506 [0.181; 0.832] mm (p < 0.005), and in T1DM patients with good glycemic control CAL depth is − 0.71 [− 1.00; − 0.42] mm less deep than in subjects with HbA1c > 7%. Conclusions: The present data confirm that T1DM is a relevant risk factor for the development of PD. The proportion of patients affected by PD is more than doubled in subjects with T1DM in comparison with non-diabetic individual, and among patients with T1DM, PD seems to be more severe and the differences appear very wide between subjects in optimal and suboptimal glycemic control.

Type 1 diabetes and periodontitis: prevalence and periodontal destruction—a systematic review / Dicembrini I.; Serni L.; Monami M.; Caliri M.; Barbato L.; Cairo F.; Mannucci E.. - In: ACTA DIABETOLOGICA. - ISSN 0940-5429. - ELETTRONICO. - (2020), pp. 0-0. [10.1007/s00592-020-01531-7]

Type 1 diabetes and periodontitis: prevalence and periodontal destruction—a systematic review

Dicembrini I.;Serni L.;Monami M.;Caliri M.;Barbato L.;Cairo F.;Mannucci E.
2020

Abstract

Aims: Data about the association between periodontal disease or periodontitis (PD), diabetes and hyperglycemia have been reported mostly in patients with type 2 diabetes. Conversely, information about PD in type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is relatively scarce. The aim of this meta-analysis is therefore: (1) to assess the prevalence and severity of PD in patients affected by T1DM in comparison with the general population and (2) to verify the association between severity of PD and glycemic control in type 1 diabetics. Methods: An electronic search was performed on MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Trials and EMBASE, up to October 31, 2019. Estimates of prevalence of PD in T1DM were calculated together with Mantel–Haenszel odds ratios (MH-OR) of the risk of PD associated with T1DM; weighed mean difference in CAL between T1DM and control and weighed mean difference in CAL in patients with T1DM and unsatisfactory glycemic control as compared with those in good glycemic control were also evaluated. Results: The prevalence of PD in type 1 diabetes was 18.5 [8.0; 37.1] %; the MH-OR for PD is 2.51 (1.32;4.76) in T1DM patients versus general population (p = 0.005). The weighed mean difference in CAL depth between T1DM patients and controls is 0.506 [0.181; 0.832] mm (p < 0.005), and in T1DM patients with good glycemic control CAL depth is − 0.71 [− 1.00; − 0.42] mm less deep than in subjects with HbA1c > 7%. Conclusions: The present data confirm that T1DM is a relevant risk factor for the development of PD. The proportion of patients affected by PD is more than doubled in subjects with T1DM in comparison with non-diabetic individual, and among patients with T1DM, PD seems to be more severe and the differences appear very wide between subjects in optimal and suboptimal glycemic control.
2020
0
0
Goal 3: Good health and well-being for people
Dicembrini I.; Serni L.; Monami M.; Caliri M.; Barbato L.; Cairo F.; Mannucci E.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1195841
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