Introduction: This article reports a case of ocular perforation during a retrobulbar block in a patient who underwent scleral buckle for retinal detachment. Methods: Sterile air was immediately injected into the vitreous cavity to restore intraocular pressure and the scleral buckle operation was quickly finished. One week later, a laser retinopexy was performed on the two retinal holes that were outside the foveal area. After 6 months, spectral domain–optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography angiography were performed on the perforated wall centered on the exit hole area. Results: The visual acuity was maintained 20/20 and the retina was totally attached. Spectral domain–optical coherence tomography showed a localized interruption of inner retina, retinal pigment epithelium, and choroid, with a higher posterior reflectivity in correspondence with the sclera. Optical coherence tomography angiography was able to detect atrophic alterations in the choroidal slab with a good visualization of large and rarefied choroidal vessels due to lack of retinal pigment epithelium and choriocapillaris. Conclusion: When ocular perforation by a needle is outside the foveal area and when there is an early awareness of the perforation, the complications may be avoided, and we could observe a good final visual acuity result. Furthermore, using spectral domain–optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography angiography, we could observe the perforated eyeball wall and study the effects of a 25-gauge needle perforation in the retinal and choroidal blood stream.

Evaluation of ocular perforation during retrobulbar block using high-resolution spectral domain–optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography angiography / Rizzo S.; Tartaro R.; Finocchio L.; Giorni A.; Bacherini D.; Savastano A.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY. - ISSN 1120-6721. - ELETTRONICO. - 28:(2018), pp. 7-10. [10.1177/1120672117747041]

Evaluation of ocular perforation during retrobulbar block using high-resolution spectral domain–optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography angiography

Rizzo S.;Tartaro R.;Finocchio L.;Giorni A.;Bacherini D.;Savastano A.
2018

Abstract

Introduction: This article reports a case of ocular perforation during a retrobulbar block in a patient who underwent scleral buckle for retinal detachment. Methods: Sterile air was immediately injected into the vitreous cavity to restore intraocular pressure and the scleral buckle operation was quickly finished. One week later, a laser retinopexy was performed on the two retinal holes that were outside the foveal area. After 6 months, spectral domain–optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography angiography were performed on the perforated wall centered on the exit hole area. Results: The visual acuity was maintained 20/20 and the retina was totally attached. Spectral domain–optical coherence tomography showed a localized interruption of inner retina, retinal pigment epithelium, and choroid, with a higher posterior reflectivity in correspondence with the sclera. Optical coherence tomography angiography was able to detect atrophic alterations in the choroidal slab with a good visualization of large and rarefied choroidal vessels due to lack of retinal pigment epithelium and choriocapillaris. Conclusion: When ocular perforation by a needle is outside the foveal area and when there is an early awareness of the perforation, the complications may be avoided, and we could observe a good final visual acuity result. Furthermore, using spectral domain–optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography angiography, we could observe the perforated eyeball wall and study the effects of a 25-gauge needle perforation in the retinal and choroidal blood stream.
28
7
10
Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Rizzo S.; Tartaro R.; Finocchio L.; Giorni A.; Bacherini D.; Savastano A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1200442
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