Purpose: Alteration in fascial tissue collagen composition represents a key factor in hernia etiology and recurrence. Both resorbable and non-resorbable meshes for hernia repair are currently used in the surgical setting. However, no study has investigated so far the role of different implant materials on collagen deposition and tissue remodeling in human fascia. The aim of the present study was to develop a novel ex vivo model of human soft tissue repair mesh implant, and to test its suitability to investigate the effects of different materials on tissue remodeling and collagen composition. Methods: Resorbable poly-4-hydroxybutyrate and non-resorbable polypropylene mesh implants were embedded in human abdominal fascia samples, mimicking common surgical procedures. Calcein-AM/Propidium Iodide vital staining was used to assess tissue vitality. Tissue morphology was evaluated using Mallory trichrome and hematoxylin and eosin staining. Collagen type I and III expression was determined through immunostaining semi-quantification by color deconvolution. All analyses were performed after 54 days of culture. Results: The established ex vivo model showed good viability at 54 days of culture, confirming both culture method feasibility and implants biocompatibility. Both mesh implants induced a disorganization of collagen fibers pattern. A statistically significantly higher collagen I/III ratio was detected in fascial tissue samples cultured with resorbable implants compared to either non-resorbable implants or meshes-free controls. Conclusion: We developed a novel ex vivo model and provided evidence that resorbable polyhydroxybutyrate meshes display better biomechanical properties suitable for proper restoration in surgical hernia repair.

Analysis of resorbable mesh implants in short-term human muscular fascia cultures: a pilot study / Trapani V.; Bagni G.; Piccoli M.; Roli I.; Di Patti F.; Arcangeli A.. - In: HERNIA. - ISSN 1265-4906. - ELETTRONICO. - (2020), pp. 1-9. [10.1007/s10029-020-02271-x]

Analysis of resorbable mesh implants in short-term human muscular fascia cultures: a pilot study

Bagni G.;Piccoli M.;Di Patti F.;Arcangeli A.
2020

Abstract

Purpose: Alteration in fascial tissue collagen composition represents a key factor in hernia etiology and recurrence. Both resorbable and non-resorbable meshes for hernia repair are currently used in the surgical setting. However, no study has investigated so far the role of different implant materials on collagen deposition and tissue remodeling in human fascia. The aim of the present study was to develop a novel ex vivo model of human soft tissue repair mesh implant, and to test its suitability to investigate the effects of different materials on tissue remodeling and collagen composition. Methods: Resorbable poly-4-hydroxybutyrate and non-resorbable polypropylene mesh implants were embedded in human abdominal fascia samples, mimicking common surgical procedures. Calcein-AM/Propidium Iodide vital staining was used to assess tissue vitality. Tissue morphology was evaluated using Mallory trichrome and hematoxylin and eosin staining. Collagen type I and III expression was determined through immunostaining semi-quantification by color deconvolution. All analyses were performed after 54 days of culture. Results: The established ex vivo model showed good viability at 54 days of culture, confirming both culture method feasibility and implants biocompatibility. Both mesh implants induced a disorganization of collagen fibers pattern. A statistically significantly higher collagen I/III ratio was detected in fascial tissue samples cultured with resorbable implants compared to either non-resorbable implants or meshes-free controls. Conclusion: We developed a novel ex vivo model and provided evidence that resorbable polyhydroxybutyrate meshes display better biomechanical properties suitable for proper restoration in surgical hernia repair.
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Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Trapani V.; Bagni G.; Piccoli M.; Roli I.; Di Patti F.; Arcangeli A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1208774
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