Hypothesis: Strongly degraded cellulosic artworks usually need deacidification and consolidation. Alkaline nanoparticles are known to be effective in neutralizing the acidity, while cellulose nanocrystals have the potential to be used as compatible and effective strengthening agents. Experiments: We have grafted cellulose nanocrystals with oleic acid using a 1′1-carbonyldiimidazole-mediated procedure, to increase their dispersibility in organic solvents, and synthesized Ca(OH)2 or CaCO3 nanoparticles via a solvothermal process. Grafted nanocellulose and alkaline nanoparticles were used to prepare ethanol-based “hybrids”. Prior to the application, the physico-chemical properties of nanocellulose dispersions and “hybrids” were studied by rheology and small-angle X-ray scattering. Findings: Cellulose nanocrystals were effectively grafted and stably dispersed in ethanol. It was shown that the use of ethanol as a dispersing medium, and the addition of alkaline nanoparticles act in a synergistic way, increasing the interactions between grafted cellulose nanocrystals, leading to the formation of clusters. These dispersions are thixotropic, a behavior particularly appealing to conservation purposes, since they can be applied in the liquid state, or, when a more confined application is required, they can be applied in a gel-like state. As a result of the application, an improvement in the mechanical properties of paper and an increase of pH were obtained.

Grafted nanocellulose and alkaline nanoparticles for the strengthening and deacidification of cellulosic artworks / Xu Q.; Poggi G.; Resta C.; Baglioni M.; Baglioni P.. - In: JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE. - ISSN 0021-9797. - STAMPA. - 576(2020), pp. 147-157. [10.1016/j.jcis.2020.05.018]

Grafted nanocellulose and alkaline nanoparticles for the strengthening and deacidification of cellulosic artworks

Xu Q.;Poggi G.
;
Baglioni M.;Baglioni P.
2020

Abstract

Hypothesis: Strongly degraded cellulosic artworks usually need deacidification and consolidation. Alkaline nanoparticles are known to be effective in neutralizing the acidity, while cellulose nanocrystals have the potential to be used as compatible and effective strengthening agents. Experiments: We have grafted cellulose nanocrystals with oleic acid using a 1′1-carbonyldiimidazole-mediated procedure, to increase their dispersibility in organic solvents, and synthesized Ca(OH)2 or CaCO3 nanoparticles via a solvothermal process. Grafted nanocellulose and alkaline nanoparticles were used to prepare ethanol-based “hybrids”. Prior to the application, the physico-chemical properties of nanocellulose dispersions and “hybrids” were studied by rheology and small-angle X-ray scattering. Findings: Cellulose nanocrystals were effectively grafted and stably dispersed in ethanol. It was shown that the use of ethanol as a dispersing medium, and the addition of alkaline nanoparticles act in a synergistic way, increasing the interactions between grafted cellulose nanocrystals, leading to the formation of clusters. These dispersions are thixotropic, a behavior particularly appealing to conservation purposes, since they can be applied in the liquid state, or, when a more confined application is required, they can be applied in a gel-like state. As a result of the application, an improvement in the mechanical properties of paper and an increase of pH were obtained.
576
147
157
Goal 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure
Xu Q.; Poggi G.; Resta C.; Baglioni M.; Baglioni P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1215102
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