Introduction: The Italian Guideline for the management of acute otitis media (AOM) in children has been recently updated. We conducted a cross-sectional survey to investigate the adherence of Italian primary care paediatricians to the guideline recommendations. Methods: A questionnaire including 13 closed-ended questions was administered to the paediatricians participating in the 24th National Congress of Practical Pediatrics, held in Florence in November 2019. The answers were collected and analyzed. Results: Eight hundred fifty-four out of 1000 questionnaires were collected (85.4%). Most of the participants declared that they did not remove the cerumen (63.9%). Pneumatic otoscope and tympanometry were routinely used by a minority of paediatricians (9.6% and 3.9%, respectively); all the participants declared to routinely prescribe oral analgesic drugs and 97.6% of them considered amoxicillin or amoxicillin/clavulanic acid as the first-choice antibiotic. In an uncomplicated unilateral AOM case, the preferred strategy was immediate antibiotic therapy in children under two years of age (83.1%) and watchful waiting in those >2 years (77.3%). Oral amoxicillin was most commonly prescribed at the 80–100 mg/kg/day (56.6%), in 3 daily doses (87.7%), while amoxicillin/clavulanic acid was equally prescribed at 80–100 or 50 mg/kg/day (47.1%–48.5%), mainly in 2 doses (58.6%). However, both drugs are recommended at a dosage of 80–90 mg/kg/day (calculated on amoxicillin), in 3 daily doses. Although the Guideline recommends ten days of therapy, both drugs were most commonly prescribed for 7–8 days (55.5%–57.7%). Pneumococcal and flu vaccines were recommended only by 41.6% and 31.6% of participants, respectively. Conclusions: Our data suggest adequate adherence of the guideline recommendations considering the preferred antibiotic drug, pain management and the choice between immediate antibiotic therapy and watchful waiting. Conversely, targeted training programs are needed to improve adherence to recommendations on cerumen removal, use of pneumatic otoscopy, correct use of antibiotics in terms of optimal dosage, duration and number of daily administrations, and to implement proper AOM prevention strategies.

Italian primary care paediatricians’ adherence to the 2019 National Guideline for the management of acute otitis media in children: A cross-sectional study / Chiappini E.; Motisi M.A.; Becherucci P.; Pierattelli M.; Galli L.; Marchisio P.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY. - ISSN 0165-5876. - STAMPA. - 138:(2020), pp. 110282-110285. [10.1016/j.ijporl.2020.110282]

Italian primary care paediatricians’ adherence to the 2019 National Guideline for the management of acute otitis media in children: A cross-sectional study

Chiappini E.
;
Becherucci P.;Pierattelli M.;Galli L.;Marchisio P.
2020

Abstract

Introduction: The Italian Guideline for the management of acute otitis media (AOM) in children has been recently updated. We conducted a cross-sectional survey to investigate the adherence of Italian primary care paediatricians to the guideline recommendations. Methods: A questionnaire including 13 closed-ended questions was administered to the paediatricians participating in the 24th National Congress of Practical Pediatrics, held in Florence in November 2019. The answers were collected and analyzed. Results: Eight hundred fifty-four out of 1000 questionnaires were collected (85.4%). Most of the participants declared that they did not remove the cerumen (63.9%). Pneumatic otoscope and tympanometry were routinely used by a minority of paediatricians (9.6% and 3.9%, respectively); all the participants declared to routinely prescribe oral analgesic drugs and 97.6% of them considered amoxicillin or amoxicillin/clavulanic acid as the first-choice antibiotic. In an uncomplicated unilateral AOM case, the preferred strategy was immediate antibiotic therapy in children under two years of age (83.1%) and watchful waiting in those >2 years (77.3%). Oral amoxicillin was most commonly prescribed at the 80–100 mg/kg/day (56.6%), in 3 daily doses (87.7%), while amoxicillin/clavulanic acid was equally prescribed at 80–100 or 50 mg/kg/day (47.1%–48.5%), mainly in 2 doses (58.6%). However, both drugs are recommended at a dosage of 80–90 mg/kg/day (calculated on amoxicillin), in 3 daily doses. Although the Guideline recommends ten days of therapy, both drugs were most commonly prescribed for 7–8 days (55.5%–57.7%). Pneumococcal and flu vaccines were recommended only by 41.6% and 31.6% of participants, respectively. Conclusions: Our data suggest adequate adherence of the guideline recommendations considering the preferred antibiotic drug, pain management and the choice between immediate antibiotic therapy and watchful waiting. Conversely, targeted training programs are needed to improve adherence to recommendations on cerumen removal, use of pneumatic otoscopy, correct use of antibiotics in terms of optimal dosage, duration and number of daily administrations, and to implement proper AOM prevention strategies.
2020
138
110282
110285
Goal 3: Good health and well-being for people
Chiappini E.; Motisi M.A.; Becherucci P.; Pierattelli M.; Galli L.; Marchisio P.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1215376
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