Abstract Purpose: We have focused on the two-dimensional (B-mode) and the time-motion (M-mode) analysis of the zone of apposition to determine the reliability of diaphragm ultrasonography in the clinical environment. Methods: Ten healthy volunteers were enrolled and studied by three operators with different skills in ultrasonography. For every volunteer, each operator acquired three images of the diaphragm for each side, both in B-mode and in M-mode. Then a fourth operator calculated the thickening fraction (TF), by means of the formula TF = (TEI - TEE)/TEE (TEI is the thickness at end inspiration and TEE the thickness at end expiration). Afterwards, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were computed on TF to establish reproducibility and repeatability both in the B- and M-modes. An ICC ≤ 0.3 was considered acceptable. Results: Both B-mode (ICCs 0.16-0.26) and M-mode (ICCs 0.10-0.15) were sufficiently repeatable to assess TF, except in the case of B-mode for the less experienced operator (ICCs B-mode 0.20-0.32). Reproducibility was moderate to good among the operators with ICCs much narrower for the M-mode (0.13-0.14). Conclusions: The results of our study have shown that diaphragm ultrasound is repeatable and reproducible when carried out by a radiologist or an intensivist with a basic curriculum in ultrasonography. The method is more accurate when using the M-mode for less experienced operators, and in this case, repeatability and reproducibility are not sufficient to make clinical decisions. No TF value lower than 36% was obtained using both techniques. This suggests the existence of a cut-off value that could be used as an initial tool to discriminate healthy subjects from those affected by diaphragmatic dysfunction

Evaluation of diaphragm thickening by diaphragm ultrasonography: a reproducibility and a repeatability study / Cappellini, Iacopo; Picciafuochi, Fabio; Bartolucci, Maurizio; Matteini, Simona; Virgili, Gianni; Adembri, Chiara. - In: JOURNAL OF ULTRASOUND. - ISSN 1876-7931. - STAMPA. - xx:(2020), pp. 1-7. [10.1007/s40477-020-00462-x]

Evaluation of diaphragm thickening by diaphragm ultrasonography: a reproducibility and a repeatability study

Cappellini, Iacopo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Picciafuochi, Fabio;Bartolucci, Maurizio;Matteini, Simona;Virgili, Gianni
;
Adembri, Chiara
2020

Abstract

Abstract Purpose: We have focused on the two-dimensional (B-mode) and the time-motion (M-mode) analysis of the zone of apposition to determine the reliability of diaphragm ultrasonography in the clinical environment. Methods: Ten healthy volunteers were enrolled and studied by three operators with different skills in ultrasonography. For every volunteer, each operator acquired three images of the diaphragm for each side, both in B-mode and in M-mode. Then a fourth operator calculated the thickening fraction (TF), by means of the formula TF = (TEI - TEE)/TEE (TEI is the thickness at end inspiration and TEE the thickness at end expiration). Afterwards, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were computed on TF to establish reproducibility and repeatability both in the B- and M-modes. An ICC ≤ 0.3 was considered acceptable. Results: Both B-mode (ICCs 0.16-0.26) and M-mode (ICCs 0.10-0.15) were sufficiently repeatable to assess TF, except in the case of B-mode for the less experienced operator (ICCs B-mode 0.20-0.32). Reproducibility was moderate to good among the operators with ICCs much narrower for the M-mode (0.13-0.14). Conclusions: The results of our study have shown that diaphragm ultrasound is repeatable and reproducible when carried out by a radiologist or an intensivist with a basic curriculum in ultrasonography. The method is more accurate when using the M-mode for less experienced operators, and in this case, repeatability and reproducibility are not sufficient to make clinical decisions. No TF value lower than 36% was obtained using both techniques. This suggests the existence of a cut-off value that could be used as an initial tool to discriminate healthy subjects from those affected by diaphragmatic dysfunction
2020
xx
1
7
Goal 3: Good health and well-being for people
Cappellini, Iacopo; Picciafuochi, Fabio; Bartolucci, Maurizio; Matteini, Simona; Virgili, Gianni; Adembri, Chiara
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1215388
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