This study aimed to compare perspective-taking with a hypothetical target and perspective-taking occurring during a real interaction with an outgroup member in reducing prejudice towards people with disabilities and other groups (e.g., immigrants, homosexual people), via increased empathy. We adopted an experimental design with two treatment groups (Hypothetical target versus Real target) and one control group (no intervention), one pre-test and two post-test measures. Participants, who were 437 students aged 11–17 years (M = 14.28; SD = 1.17), were randomly assigned to the various conditions on a classroom basis. Perspective-taking was facilitated asking participants to travel in a wheelchair on a path that simulated a real pavement in the presence (or not) of an individual with a motor disability. Findings showed that perspective-taking in the presence of a real target was more effective in reducing prejudice towards people with disabilities than perspective-taking task without encountering an outgroup member. Perspective-taking with a hypothetical target was not sufficient to increase participants’ empathy towards people with disabilities, which instead was enhanced when the task was performed at the presence of a real member of that group. Positive effects produced by perspective-taking (with both a hypothetical and a real target) were transferred to immigrants and homosexuals. These findings suggest that, when possible, perspective-taking in the presence of the target, which can improve empathy by favouring a two-way exchange process, is highly recommended to improve attitudes towards different stigmatized groups, not necessarily targeted by the intervention.

Put yourself in my wheelchair: perspective taking can reduce prejudice towards people with disabilities and other stigmatised groups / Camilla Matera, Amanda Nerini, Cristian Di Gesto, Giulia Rosa Policardo, Fabio Maratia, Sara Dalla Verde, Ilaria Sica, Monica Paradisi, Laura Ferraresi, Dag Kristian Pontvik, Milca Lamuraglia, Francesca Marchese, Mauro Sbrillo, Rupert Brown. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 0021-9029. - STAMPA. - (2021), pp. 1-13. [10.1111/jasp.12734]

Put yourself in my wheelchair: perspective taking can reduce prejudice towards people with disabilities and other stigmatised groups

Camilla Matera;Amanda Nerini;Cristian Di Gesto;Giulia Rosa Policardo;Fabio Maratia;Sara Dalla Verde;Monica Paradisi;
2021

Abstract

This study aimed to compare perspective-taking with a hypothetical target and perspective-taking occurring during a real interaction with an outgroup member in reducing prejudice towards people with disabilities and other groups (e.g., immigrants, homosexual people), via increased empathy. We adopted an experimental design with two treatment groups (Hypothetical target versus Real target) and one control group (no intervention), one pre-test and two post-test measures. Participants, who were 437 students aged 11–17 years (M = 14.28; SD = 1.17), were randomly assigned to the various conditions on a classroom basis. Perspective-taking was facilitated asking participants to travel in a wheelchair on a path that simulated a real pavement in the presence (or not) of an individual with a motor disability. Findings showed that perspective-taking in the presence of a real target was more effective in reducing prejudice towards people with disabilities than perspective-taking task without encountering an outgroup member. Perspective-taking with a hypothetical target was not sufficient to increase participants’ empathy towards people with disabilities, which instead was enhanced when the task was performed at the presence of a real member of that group. Positive effects produced by perspective-taking (with both a hypothetical and a real target) were transferred to immigrants and homosexuals. These findings suggest that, when possible, perspective-taking in the presence of the target, which can improve empathy by favouring a two-way exchange process, is highly recommended to improve attitudes towards different stigmatized groups, not necessarily targeted by the intervention.
2021
1
13
Goal 10: Reducing inequalities
Camilla Matera, Amanda Nerini, Cristian Di Gesto, Giulia Rosa Policardo, Fabio Maratia, Sara Dalla Verde, Ilaria Sica, Monica Paradisi, Laura Ferrares...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1218696
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