The benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy in early stages of colorectal cancer (CRC) is still disappointing and the prediction of treatment outcome quite difficult. Recently, through a transcriptomic approach, we evidenced a role of PNN and KCNQ1OT1 gene expression in predicting response to fluoropyrimidine-based adjuvant chemotherapy in stage III CRC patients. Thus, the aim of this study was to validate in an independent cohort of stage II-III CRC patients our previous findings. PNN and KCNQ1OT1 mRNA expression levels were evaluated in 74 formalin fixed paraffin-embedded tumor and matched normal mucosa samples obtained by stage II-III CRC patients treated with fluoropyrimidine-based adjuvant chemotherapy. PININ, the protein encoded by PNN, was immunohistochemically evaluated in 15 tumor and corresponding normal mucosa samples, selected on the basis of a low, medium or high mRNA expression tumor/mucosa ratio. PNN and KCNQ1OT1 mRNA mean expression levels were significantly higher in tumor compared with normal tissues. Patients with high PNN or KCNQ1OT1 tumor mRNA levels according to ROC-based cut-offs, showed a shorter disease-free survival (DFS) compared with patients with low tumor mRNA gene expression. Also, patients with tumor mRNA expression values of both genes below the identified cut-offs had significantly longer DFS compared with patients with the expression of one or both genes above the cut-offs. In a representative large cohort of stage II-III CRC untreated patients retrieved from GEO datasets, no difference in DFS was observed between patients with high and low PNN or KCNQ1OT1 gene expression levels. These data confirm our previous findings and underscore the relevance of PNN and KCNQ1OT1 expression in predicting DFS in early stages of CRC treated with fluoropyrimidine-based adjuvant chemotherapy. If further validated in a prospective case series, both biomarkers could beCopyright © 2020 Cognizant Communication CorporationEU-3350 Oncology Research E-pub 3used to identify patients who benefit from this treatment and to offer alternative chemotherapy regimens to potential unresponsive patients. In relation to the suggested biological role of PNN and KCNQ1OT1 in CRC, they might also be exploited as potential therapeutic targets.

PNN and KCNQ1OT1 can predict the efficacy of adjuvant fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy in colorectal cancer patients / Lapucci, Andrea; Perrone, Gabriele; Di Paolo, Antonello; Napoli, Cristina; Landini, Ida; Roviello, Giandomenico; Calosi, Laura; Naccarato, Antonio Giuseppe; Falcone, Alfredo; Bani, Daniele; Mini, Enrico; Nobili, Stefania. - In: ONCOLOGY RESEARCH. - ISSN 0965-0407. - STAMPA. - 28:(2021), pp. 631-644. [10.3727/096504020X16056983169118]

PNN and KCNQ1OT1 can predict the efficacy of adjuvant fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy in colorectal cancer patients

Lapucci, Andrea;Perrone, Gabriele;Napoli, Cristina;Landini, Ida;Roviello, Giandomenico;Calosi, Laura;Bani, Daniele;Mini, Enrico
;
Nobili, Stefania
2021

Abstract

The benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy in early stages of colorectal cancer (CRC) is still disappointing and the prediction of treatment outcome quite difficult. Recently, through a transcriptomic approach, we evidenced a role of PNN and KCNQ1OT1 gene expression in predicting response to fluoropyrimidine-based adjuvant chemotherapy in stage III CRC patients. Thus, the aim of this study was to validate in an independent cohort of stage II-III CRC patients our previous findings. PNN and KCNQ1OT1 mRNA expression levels were evaluated in 74 formalin fixed paraffin-embedded tumor and matched normal mucosa samples obtained by stage II-III CRC patients treated with fluoropyrimidine-based adjuvant chemotherapy. PININ, the protein encoded by PNN, was immunohistochemically evaluated in 15 tumor and corresponding normal mucosa samples, selected on the basis of a low, medium or high mRNA expression tumor/mucosa ratio. PNN and KCNQ1OT1 mRNA mean expression levels were significantly higher in tumor compared with normal tissues. Patients with high PNN or KCNQ1OT1 tumor mRNA levels according to ROC-based cut-offs, showed a shorter disease-free survival (DFS) compared with patients with low tumor mRNA gene expression. Also, patients with tumor mRNA expression values of both genes below the identified cut-offs had significantly longer DFS compared with patients with the expression of one or both genes above the cut-offs. In a representative large cohort of stage II-III CRC untreated patients retrieved from GEO datasets, no difference in DFS was observed between patients with high and low PNN or KCNQ1OT1 gene expression levels. These data confirm our previous findings and underscore the relevance of PNN and KCNQ1OT1 expression in predicting DFS in early stages of CRC treated with fluoropyrimidine-based adjuvant chemotherapy. If further validated in a prospective case series, both biomarkers could beCopyright © 2020 Cognizant Communication CorporationEU-3350 Oncology Research E-pub 3used to identify patients who benefit from this treatment and to offer alternative chemotherapy regimens to potential unresponsive patients. In relation to the suggested biological role of PNN and KCNQ1OT1 in CRC, they might also be exploited as potential therapeutic targets.
2021
28
631
644
Lapucci, Andrea; Perrone, Gabriele; Di Paolo, Antonello; Napoli, Cristina; Landini, Ida; Roviello, Giandomenico; Calosi, Laura; Naccarato, Antonio Giuseppe; Falcone, Alfredo; Bani, Daniele; Mini, Enrico; Nobili, Stefania
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1221368
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