Estimation of the postmortem interval in advanced postmortem stages is a challenging task. Although there are several approaches available for addressing postmortem changes of a (human) body or its environment (ecologically and/or biochemically), most are restricted to specific timeframes and/or individual and environmental conditions. It is well known, for instance, that buried bodies decompose in a remarkably different manner than on the ground surface. However, data on how established methods for PMI estimation perform under these conditions are scarce. It is important to understand whether and how postmortem changes are affected under burial conditions, if corrective factors could be conceived, or if methods have to be excluded for respective cases. We present the first multi-methodological assessment of human postmortem decomposition carried out on buried body donors in Europe, at the Amsterdam Research Initiative for Sub-surface Taphonomy and Anthropology (ARISTA) in the Netherlands. We used a multidisciplinary approach to investigate postmortem changes of morphology, skeletal muscle protein decomposition, presence of insects and other necrophilous animals as well as microbial communities (i.e., microbiomes) from August to November 2018 associated with two complete body exhumations and eight partial exhumations. Our results clearly display the current possibilities and limitations of methods for PMI estimation in buried remains and provide a baseline for future research and application.

The applicability of forensic time since death estimation methods for buried bodies in advanced decomposition stages / Pittner S.; Bugelli V.; Eric Benbow M.; Ehrenfellner B.; Zissler A.; Campobasso C.P.; Oostra R.-J.; Aalders M.C.G.; Zehner R.; Lutz L.; Monticelli F.C.; Staufer C.; Helm K.; Pinchi V.; Receveur J.P.; Geissenberger J.; Steinbacher P.; Amendt J.. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - STAMPA. - 15:(2020), pp. e0243395-e0243395. [10.1371/journal.pone.0243395]

The applicability of forensic time since death estimation methods for buried bodies in advanced decomposition stages

Bugelli V.;Pinchi V.;
2020

Abstract

Estimation of the postmortem interval in advanced postmortem stages is a challenging task. Although there are several approaches available for addressing postmortem changes of a (human) body or its environment (ecologically and/or biochemically), most are restricted to specific timeframes and/or individual and environmental conditions. It is well known, for instance, that buried bodies decompose in a remarkably different manner than on the ground surface. However, data on how established methods for PMI estimation perform under these conditions are scarce. It is important to understand whether and how postmortem changes are affected under burial conditions, if corrective factors could be conceived, or if methods have to be excluded for respective cases. We present the first multi-methodological assessment of human postmortem decomposition carried out on buried body donors in Europe, at the Amsterdam Research Initiative for Sub-surface Taphonomy and Anthropology (ARISTA) in the Netherlands. We used a multidisciplinary approach to investigate postmortem changes of morphology, skeletal muscle protein decomposition, presence of insects and other necrophilous animals as well as microbial communities (i.e., microbiomes) from August to November 2018 associated with two complete body exhumations and eight partial exhumations. Our results clearly display the current possibilities and limitations of methods for PMI estimation in buried remains and provide a baseline for future research and application.
15
e0243395
e0243395
Pittner S.; Bugelli V.; Eric Benbow M.; Ehrenfellner B.; Zissler A.; Campobasso C.P.; Oostra R.-J.; Aalders M.C.G.; Zehner R.; Lutz L.; Monticelli F.C.; Staufer C.; Helm K.; Pinchi V.; Receveur J.P.; Geissenberger J.; Steinbacher P.; Amendt J.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1229063
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact