The widespread environmental pollutant 2,2′,4,4′,5,5′-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB153) is a non-dioxin-like toxicant. It is a potential carcinogen compound able to induce gap junction (GJ) intercellular communication impairment, probably the first non-genomic event leading to tumor promotion. Although PCBs have been known for many years, the molecular mode of PCB153 action is still unclear. Recent studies from our research group have shown that the toxicant elicits a transient modulation of connexin (Cx) 43-formed GJs in hepatic stem-like WB-F344 cells involving sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) path. Taking into account that other strictly related bioactive sphingolipids, such as ceramide (Cer), may have different effects from S1P, here we aim to clarify the signaling paths engaged by PCB153 in the control of GJs, focusing primarily on the role of Cer. Accordingly, we have achieved a combined biomolecular and electrophysiological analysis of GJs in cultured WB-F344 cells treated with PCB153 at different time points. We have found that the toxicant elicited a time-dependent regulation of GJs formed by different Cx isoforms, through a transient modulation of Cer/Cer kinase (CerK) axis and, in turn, of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A). Our new findings demonstrate the existence of a specific molecular mechanism downstream to Cer, which distinctly affects the voltage-dependent and -independent GJs in liver stem-like cells, and open new opportunities for the identification of additional potential targets of these environmental toxicants.

Ceramide/protein phosphatase 2A axis is engaged in gap junction impairment elicited by PCB153 in liver stem-like progenitor cells / Squecco R.; Pierucci F.; Idrizaj E.; Frati A.; Lenci E.; Vicenti C.; Iachini M.C.; Martinesi M.; Garella R.; Baccari M.C.; Francini F.; Meacci E.. - In: MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0300-8177. - STAMPA. - (2021), pp. 0-16. [10.1007/s11010-021-04135-z]

Ceramide/protein phosphatase 2A axis is engaged in gap junction impairment elicited by PCB153 in liver stem-like progenitor cells

Squecco R.
Methodology
;
Pierucci F.
Methodology
;
Idrizaj E.
Software
;
Frati A.
Methodology
;
Lenci E.
Methodology
;
Iachini M. C.
Methodology
;
Martinesi M.
Methodology
;
Garella R.
Methodology
;
Baccari M. C.
Data Curation
;
Meacci E.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2021

Abstract

The widespread environmental pollutant 2,2′,4,4′,5,5′-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB153) is a non-dioxin-like toxicant. It is a potential carcinogen compound able to induce gap junction (GJ) intercellular communication impairment, probably the first non-genomic event leading to tumor promotion. Although PCBs have been known for many years, the molecular mode of PCB153 action is still unclear. Recent studies from our research group have shown that the toxicant elicits a transient modulation of connexin (Cx) 43-formed GJs in hepatic stem-like WB-F344 cells involving sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) path. Taking into account that other strictly related bioactive sphingolipids, such as ceramide (Cer), may have different effects from S1P, here we aim to clarify the signaling paths engaged by PCB153 in the control of GJs, focusing primarily on the role of Cer. Accordingly, we have achieved a combined biomolecular and electrophysiological analysis of GJs in cultured WB-F344 cells treated with PCB153 at different time points. We have found that the toxicant elicited a time-dependent regulation of GJs formed by different Cx isoforms, through a transient modulation of Cer/Cer kinase (CerK) axis and, in turn, of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A). Our new findings demonstrate the existence of a specific molecular mechanism downstream to Cer, which distinctly affects the voltage-dependent and -independent GJs in liver stem-like cells, and open new opportunities for the identification of additional potential targets of these environmental toxicants.
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Squecco R.; Pierucci F.; Idrizaj E.; Frati A.; Lenci E.; Vicenti C.; Iachini M.C.; Martinesi M.; Garella R.; Baccari M.C.; Francini F.; Meacci E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1236102
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