Telangiectatic osteosarcoma (TOS) is an aggressive variant of osteosarcoma (OS) with distinctive radiographic, gross, microscopic features, and prognostic implications. Despite several studies on OS, we are still far from understanding the molecular mechanisms of TOS. In recent years, many studies have demonstrated not only that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in OS tumorigenesis, development, and metastasis, but also that the presence in high-grade types of OS of cancer stem cells (CSCs) plays an important role in tumor progression. Despite these findings, nothing has been described previously about the expression of miRNAs and the presence of CSCs in human TOS. Therefore, we have isolated/characterized a putative CSC cell line from human TOS (TOS-CSCs) and evaluated the expression levels of several miRNAs in TOS-CSCs using real-time quantitative assays. We show, for the first time, the existence of CSCs in human TOS, highlighting the in vitro establishment of this unique stabilized cell line and an identification of a preliminary expression of the miRNA profile, characteristic of TOS-CSCs. These findings represent an important step in the study of the biology of one of the most aggressive variants of OS and the role of miRNAs in TOS-CSC behavior.

Analysis of a preliminary microRNA expression signature in a human telangiectatic osteogenic sarcoma cancer cell line / Palmini G.; Romagnoli C.; Donati S.; Zonefrati R.; Galli G.; Marini F.; Iantomasi T.; Aldinucci A.; Leoncini G.; Franchi A.; Beltrami G.; Campanacci D.A.; Capanna R.; Brandi M.L.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - STAMPA. - 22:(2021), pp. 1-27. [10.3390/ijms22031163]

Analysis of a preliminary microRNA expression signature in a human telangiectatic osteogenic sarcoma cancer cell line

Palmini G.;Zonefrati R.;Iantomasi T.;Beltrami G.;Campanacci D. A.;Capanna R.;Brandi M. L.
2021

Abstract

Telangiectatic osteosarcoma (TOS) is an aggressive variant of osteosarcoma (OS) with distinctive radiographic, gross, microscopic features, and prognostic implications. Despite several studies on OS, we are still far from understanding the molecular mechanisms of TOS. In recent years, many studies have demonstrated not only that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in OS tumorigenesis, development, and metastasis, but also that the presence in high-grade types of OS of cancer stem cells (CSCs) plays an important role in tumor progression. Despite these findings, nothing has been described previously about the expression of miRNAs and the presence of CSCs in human TOS. Therefore, we have isolated/characterized a putative CSC cell line from human TOS (TOS-CSCs) and evaluated the expression levels of several miRNAs in TOS-CSCs using real-time quantitative assays. We show, for the first time, the existence of CSCs in human TOS, highlighting the in vitro establishment of this unique stabilized cell line and an identification of a preliminary expression of the miRNA profile, characteristic of TOS-CSCs. These findings represent an important step in the study of the biology of one of the most aggressive variants of OS and the role of miRNAs in TOS-CSC behavior.
2021
22
1
27
Palmini G.; Romagnoli C.; Donati S.; Zonefrati R.; Galli G.; Marini F.; Iantomasi T.; Aldinucci A.; Leoncini G.; Franchi A.; Beltrami G.; Campanacci D.A.; Capanna R.; Brandi M.L.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1236962
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