Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) photogrammetry has recently become a widespread technique to investigate and monitor the evolution of different types of natural processes. Fluvial geomorphology is one of such fields of application where UAV potentially assumes a key role, since it allows for overcoming the intrinsic limits of satellite and airborne‐based optical imagery on one side, and in situ traditional investigations on the other. The main purpose of this paper was to obtain extensive products (digital terrain models (DTMs), orthophotos, and 3D models) in a short time, with low costs and at a high resolution, in order to verify the capability of this technique to analyze the active geomorphic processes on a 12 km long stretch of the French–Italian Roia River at both large and small scales. Two surveys, one year apart from each other, were carried out over the study area and a change detection analysis was performed on the basis of the comparison of the obtained DTMs to point out and characterize both the possible morphologic variations related to fluvial dynamics and modifications in vegetation coverage. The results highlight how the understanding of different fluvial processes may be improved by appropriately exploiting UAV‐based products, which can thus represent a low‐cost and non‐invasive tool to crucially support decisionmakers involved in land management practices.

Tracking the evolution of riverbed morphology on the basis of uav photogrammetry / Gracchi T.; Rossi G.; Tacconi Stefanelli C.; Tanteri L.; Pozzani R.; Moretti S.. - In: REMOTE SENSING. - ISSN 2072-4292. - ELETTRONICO. - 13(4)(2021), pp. 1-16. [10.3390/rs13040829]

Tracking the evolution of riverbed morphology on the basis of uav photogrammetry

Gracchi T.;Rossi G.;Tacconi Stefanelli C.;Tanteri L.;Moretti S.
2021

Abstract

Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) photogrammetry has recently become a widespread technique to investigate and monitor the evolution of different types of natural processes. Fluvial geomorphology is one of such fields of application where UAV potentially assumes a key role, since it allows for overcoming the intrinsic limits of satellite and airborne‐based optical imagery on one side, and in situ traditional investigations on the other. The main purpose of this paper was to obtain extensive products (digital terrain models (DTMs), orthophotos, and 3D models) in a short time, with low costs and at a high resolution, in order to verify the capability of this technique to analyze the active geomorphic processes on a 12 km long stretch of the French–Italian Roia River at both large and small scales. Two surveys, one year apart from each other, were carried out over the study area and a change detection analysis was performed on the basis of the comparison of the obtained DTMs to point out and characterize both the possible morphologic variations related to fluvial dynamics and modifications in vegetation coverage. The results highlight how the understanding of different fluvial processes may be improved by appropriately exploiting UAV‐based products, which can thus represent a low‐cost and non‐invasive tool to crucially support decisionmakers involved in land management practices.
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Gracchi T.; Rossi G.; Tacconi Stefanelli C.; Tanteri L.; Pozzani R.; Moretti S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/1237960
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