Bacterial canker disease caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa) biovar 3 involved all global interest since 2008. We have found that in Psa3 genome, similarly to other P. syringae, there are three putative genes, lscα, lscβ and lscγ, coding for levansucrases. These enzymes, breaking the sucrose moiety and releasing glucose can synthetize the fructose polymer levan, a hexopolysaccharide that is well known to be part of the survival strategies of many different bacteria. Considering lscα non-coding because of a premature stop codon, we cloned and expressed the two putatively functional levansucrases of Psa3, lscβ and lscγ, in E. coli and characterized their biochemical properties such as optimum of pH, temperature and ionic strength. Interestingly, we found completely different behaviour for both sucrose splitting activity and levan synthesis between the two proteins; lscγ polymerizes levan quickly at pH 5.0 while lscβ has great sucrose hydrolysis activity at pH 7.0. Moreover, we demonstrated that at least in vitro conditions, they are differentially expressed suggesting two distinct roles in the physiology of the bacterium. Works are in progress to found inhibitors of levansucrases with the aim to detect the role of these enzymes in bacterium physiology and pathogenesis. Revealing the role of levansucrases in sucrose utilization and levan synthesis in Psa3 could suggest new targets to counteract the bacterial canker.

Lscβ and lscγ, two novel levansucrases of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae biovar 3, the causal agent of bacterial canker of kiwifruit, show different enzymatic properties / Simone Luti, Sara Campigli, Costanza Cicchi, Francesca Cadorna, Camilla Matassini, Francesco Ranaldi, Paolo Paoli, Guido Marchi, Luigia Pazzagli. - ELETTRONICO. - (2021), pp. 28-28. (Intervento presentato al convegno Proteins on the web 2021 nel 20-21 Maggio 2021).

Lscβ and lscγ, two novel levansucrases of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae biovar 3, the causal agent of bacterial canker of kiwifruit, show different enzymatic properties

Simone Luti;Sara Campigli;Camilla Matassini;Francesco Ranaldi;Paolo Paoli;Guido Marchi;Luigia Pazzagli
2021

Abstract

Bacterial canker disease caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa) biovar 3 involved all global interest since 2008. We have found that in Psa3 genome, similarly to other P. syringae, there are three putative genes, lscα, lscβ and lscγ, coding for levansucrases. These enzymes, breaking the sucrose moiety and releasing glucose can synthetize the fructose polymer levan, a hexopolysaccharide that is well known to be part of the survival strategies of many different bacteria. Considering lscα non-coding because of a premature stop codon, we cloned and expressed the two putatively functional levansucrases of Psa3, lscβ and lscγ, in E. coli and characterized their biochemical properties such as optimum of pH, temperature and ionic strength. Interestingly, we found completely different behaviour for both sucrose splitting activity and levan synthesis between the two proteins; lscγ polymerizes levan quickly at pH 5.0 while lscβ has great sucrose hydrolysis activity at pH 7.0. Moreover, we demonstrated that at least in vitro conditions, they are differentially expressed suggesting two distinct roles in the physiology of the bacterium. Works are in progress to found inhibitors of levansucrases with the aim to detect the role of these enzymes in bacterium physiology and pathogenesis. Revealing the role of levansucrases in sucrose utilization and levan synthesis in Psa3 could suggest new targets to counteract the bacterial canker.
2021
Book of Abstracts
Proteins on the web 2021
Simone Luti, Sara Campigli, Costanza Cicchi, Francesca Cadorna, Camilla Matassini, Francesco Ranaldi, Paolo Paoli, Guido Marchi, Luigia Pazzagli
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1239410
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