Our aim was to assess adherence to the Mediterranean diet in a group of 726 secondary school students (336 girls, 390 boys) who completed the web-based Medi-Lite questionnaire simultaneously, during school hours, at the “Istituto Professionale per l’Enogastronomia e l’Ospitalità Alberghiera Marco Polo” in Genoa, Italy. The mean adherence score was 9.28 2.29, with significantly (p = 0.017) higher values in girls (9.5 2.2) than boys (9.1 2.4). As to the individual food components of the Medi-Lite score, 84% of students reported non-optimal consumption (i.e., the choice that yielded 1 point) of meat and meat products, and over 50% reported non-optimal consumption of vegetables, legumes, dairy products, and fish. Significant differences between girls and boys were observed for fruit (p = 0.003), cereals (p < 0.001), meat and meat products (p < 0.001), and dairy products (p = 0.003). By conducting a principal component analysis, we observed that Medi-Lite items on the consumption of some animal products (meat and meat products and dairy products) and some plant products (fruit, vegetables, and legumes) generated contrasting patterns of responses, denoting excessive consumption in the first case and underconsumption in the second. This result suggests the need for effective actions to promote healthy eating habits in young people.

Mediterranean Diet Adherence in a Sample of Italian Adolescents Attending Secondary School—The #facciamoComunicAzione” Project / Monica Dinu, Sofia Lotti, Giuditta Pagliai, Livia Pisciotta, Mariacarla Zavatarelli, Matilde Borriello, Roberto Solinas, Roberto Galuffo, Alessandro Clavarino, Ettore Acerra, Francesco Sofi. - In: NUTRIENTS. - ISSN 2072-6643. - STAMPA. - (2021), pp. 0-0. [10.3390/nu13082806]

Mediterranean Diet Adherence in a Sample of Italian Adolescents Attending Secondary School—The #facciamoComunicAzione” Project

Monica Dinu
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Sofia Lotti
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Giuditta Pagliai
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Francesco Sofi
Writing – Review & Editing
2021

Abstract

Our aim was to assess adherence to the Mediterranean diet in a group of 726 secondary school students (336 girls, 390 boys) who completed the web-based Medi-Lite questionnaire simultaneously, during school hours, at the “Istituto Professionale per l’Enogastronomia e l’Ospitalità Alberghiera Marco Polo” in Genoa, Italy. The mean adherence score was 9.28 2.29, with significantly (p = 0.017) higher values in girls (9.5 2.2) than boys (9.1 2.4). As to the individual food components of the Medi-Lite score, 84% of students reported non-optimal consumption (i.e., the choice that yielded 1 point) of meat and meat products, and over 50% reported non-optimal consumption of vegetables, legumes, dairy products, and fish. Significant differences between girls and boys were observed for fruit (p = 0.003), cereals (p < 0.001), meat and meat products (p < 0.001), and dairy products (p = 0.003). By conducting a principal component analysis, we observed that Medi-Lite items on the consumption of some animal products (meat and meat products and dairy products) and some plant products (fruit, vegetables, and legumes) generated contrasting patterns of responses, denoting excessive consumption in the first case and underconsumption in the second. This result suggests the need for effective actions to promote healthy eating habits in young people.
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Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Monica Dinu, Sofia Lotti, Giuditta Pagliai, Livia Pisciotta, Mariacarla Zavatarelli, Matilde Borriello, Roberto Solinas, Roberto Galuffo, Alessandro Clavarino, Ettore Acerra, Francesco Sofi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1241304
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