The antimicrobial potential of two ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes, [Ru(phen)2L1]2+ and [Ru(phen)2L2]2+ (phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) containing the 4,4′-(2,5,8,11,14-pentaaza[15])-2,2’-bipyridilophane (L1) and the 4,4′-bis-[methylen-(1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane)]-2,2′ bipyridine (L2) units, is herein investigated. These peculiar polyamine frameworks afford the formation of highly charged species in solution, influence the DNA-binding and cleavage properties of compounds, but they do not undermine their singlet oxygen sensitizing capacities, thus making these complexes attractive 1O2 generators in aqueous solution. L1 and L2 also permit to stably host Fenton -active Cu2+ ion/s, leading to the formation of mixed Ru2+/Cu2+ forms capable to further strengthen the oxidative damages to biological targets. Herein, following a characterization of the Cu2+ binding ability by [Ru(phen)2L2]2+, the water-octanol distribution coefficients, the DNA binding, cleavage and 1O2 sensitizing properties of [Ru(phen)2L2]2+ and [Cu2Ru(phen)2L2]6+ were analysed and compared with those of [Ru(phen)2L1]2+ and [CuRu(phen)2L1]4+. The antimicrobial activity of all compounds was evaluated against B. subtilis, chosen as a model for gram-positive bacteria, both under dark and upon light-activation. Our results unveil a notable phototoxicity of [Ru(phen)2L2]2+ and [Cu2Ru(phen)2L2]6+, with MIC (minimal inhibitory concentrations) values of 3.12 μM. This study highlights that the structural characteristics of polyamine ligands gathered on highly charged Ru(II)-polypyridyl complexes are versatile tools that can be exploited to achieve enhanced antibacterial strategies.

Exploring the potential of highly charged Ru(II)- and heteronuclear Ru(II)/Cu(II)-polypyridyl complexes as antimicrobial agents / Conti L.; Mengoni A.; Giacomazzo G.E.; Mari L.; Perfetti M.; Fagorzi C.; Sorace L.; Valtancoli B.; Giorgi C.. - In: JOURNAL OF INORGANIC BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0162-0134. - STAMPA. - 220:(2021), pp. 111467-111467. [10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2021.111467]

Exploring the potential of highly charged Ru(II)- and heteronuclear Ru(II)/Cu(II)-polypyridyl complexes as antimicrobial agents

Conti L.
;
Mengoni A.
;
Giacomazzo G. E.;Perfetti M.;Fagorzi C.;Sorace L.;Valtancoli B.;Giorgi C.
2021

Abstract

The antimicrobial potential of two ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes, [Ru(phen)2L1]2+ and [Ru(phen)2L2]2+ (phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) containing the 4,4′-(2,5,8,11,14-pentaaza[15])-2,2’-bipyridilophane (L1) and the 4,4′-bis-[methylen-(1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane)]-2,2′ bipyridine (L2) units, is herein investigated. These peculiar polyamine frameworks afford the formation of highly charged species in solution, influence the DNA-binding and cleavage properties of compounds, but they do not undermine their singlet oxygen sensitizing capacities, thus making these complexes attractive 1O2 generators in aqueous solution. L1 and L2 also permit to stably host Fenton -active Cu2+ ion/s, leading to the formation of mixed Ru2+/Cu2+ forms capable to further strengthen the oxidative damages to biological targets. Herein, following a characterization of the Cu2+ binding ability by [Ru(phen)2L2]2+, the water-octanol distribution coefficients, the DNA binding, cleavage and 1O2 sensitizing properties of [Ru(phen)2L2]2+ and [Cu2Ru(phen)2L2]6+ were analysed and compared with those of [Ru(phen)2L1]2+ and [CuRu(phen)2L1]4+. The antimicrobial activity of all compounds was evaluated against B. subtilis, chosen as a model for gram-positive bacteria, both under dark and upon light-activation. Our results unveil a notable phototoxicity of [Ru(phen)2L2]2+ and [Cu2Ru(phen)2L2]6+, with MIC (minimal inhibitory concentrations) values of 3.12 μM. This study highlights that the structural characteristics of polyamine ligands gathered on highly charged Ru(II)-polypyridyl complexes are versatile tools that can be exploited to achieve enhanced antibacterial strategies.
2021
220
111467
111467
Conti L.; Mengoni A.; Giacomazzo G.E.; Mari L.; Perfetti M.; Fagorzi C.; Sorace L.; Valtancoli B.; Giorgi C.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1242749
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