Background & aims: Mediterranean diet may be beneficial for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of adherence to MD in Italian patients with IBD. Methods: Eighty consecutive outpatients with IBD, 62 with Crohn's Disease (CD) and 18 with Ulcerative Colitis (UC) were included in the study. Demographic and clinical data, previous and current medical history, nutritional status and Quality of Life (QoL) assessed with the Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (SIBDQ) were assessed. Adherence to MD was studied with the Medi-Lite questionnaire. Results: IBD patients reported a mean Medi-Lite score of 10.4 with no significant differences between CD and UC patients (p ¼ 0.543). Among CD patients, adherence to MD was higher in patients with inactive disease (p < 0.001) than in patients during the active phase, while no significant difference was found regarding disease activity in UC patients. A significant negative correlation of the Medi-Lite score with SIBDQ score (r ¼ 0.2; p ¼ 0.040) was found. MD adherence was lower in CD patients who had undergone 2 surgeries, whereas for patients with UC we found no significant differences in MD adherence in relation to pervious surgery. Conclusions: Adherence to MD in IBD is influenced by disease activity, QoL and patients’ surgical history. A greater adherence to MD

Adherence to mediterranean diet in patients with inflammatory bowel disease / Fiorindi, Camilla; Dinu, Monica; Gavazzi, Elena; Scaringi, Stefano; Ficari, Ferdinando; Nannoni, Anita; Sofi, Francesco; Giudici, Francesco. - In: CLINICAL NUTRITION ESPEN. - ISSN 2405-4577. - STAMPA. - 46:(2021), pp. 416-423. [10.1016/j.clnesp.2021.09.726]

Adherence to mediterranean diet in patients with inflammatory bowel disease

Fiorindi, Camilla
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Dinu, Monica
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Scaringi, Stefano
Investigation
;
Ficari, Ferdinando
Investigation
;
Nannoni, Anita
Investigation
;
Sofi, Francesco
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Giudici, Francesco
Writing – Review & Editing
2021

Abstract

Background & aims: Mediterranean diet may be beneficial for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of adherence to MD in Italian patients with IBD. Methods: Eighty consecutive outpatients with IBD, 62 with Crohn's Disease (CD) and 18 with Ulcerative Colitis (UC) were included in the study. Demographic and clinical data, previous and current medical history, nutritional status and Quality of Life (QoL) assessed with the Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (SIBDQ) were assessed. Adherence to MD was studied with the Medi-Lite questionnaire. Results: IBD patients reported a mean Medi-Lite score of 10.4 with no significant differences between CD and UC patients (p ¼ 0.543). Among CD patients, adherence to MD was higher in patients with inactive disease (p < 0.001) than in patients during the active phase, while no significant difference was found regarding disease activity in UC patients. A significant negative correlation of the Medi-Lite score with SIBDQ score (r ¼ 0.2; p ¼ 0.040) was found. MD adherence was lower in CD patients who had undergone 2 surgeries, whereas for patients with UC we found no significant differences in MD adherence in relation to pervious surgery. Conclusions: Adherence to MD in IBD is influenced by disease activity, QoL and patients’ surgical history. A greater adherence to MD
46
416
423
Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Fiorindi, Camilla; Dinu, Monica; Gavazzi, Elena; Scaringi, Stefano; Ficari, Ferdinando; Nannoni, Anita; Sofi, Francesco; Giudici, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1244793
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