Purpose: Inverse problems in electromagnetism, namely, the recovery of sources (currents or charges) or system data from measured effects, are usually ill-posed or, in the numerical formulation, ill-conditioned and require suitable regularization to provide meaningful results. To test new regularization methods, there is the need of benchmark problems, which numerical properties and solutions should be well known. Hence, this study aims to define a benchmark problem, suitable to test new regularization approaches and solves with different methods. Design/methodology/approach: To assess reliability and performance of different solving strategies for inverse source problems, a benchmark problem of current synthesis is defined and solved by means of several regularization methods in a comparative way; subsequently, an approach in terms of an artificial neural network (ANN) is considered as a viable alternative to classical regularization schemes. The solution of the underlying forward problem is based on a finite element analysis. Findings: The paper provides a very detailed analysis of the proposed inverse problem in terms of numerical properties of the lead field matrix. The solutions found by different regularization approaches and an ANN method are provided, showing the performance of the applied methods and the numerical issues of the benchmark problem. Originality/value: The value of the paper is to provide the numerical characteristics and issues of the proposed benchmark problem in a comprehensive way, by means of a wide variety of regularization methods and an ANN approach.
Synthesizing sources in magnetics: a benchmark problem / Alotto P.; Di Barba P.; Formisano A.; Lozito G.M.; Martone R.; Mognaschi M.E.; Repetto M.; Salvini A.; Savini A.. - In: COMPEL. - ISSN 0332-1649. - ELETTRONICO. - ahead-of-print:(2021), pp. 0-0. [10.1108/COMPEL-05-2021-0156]