Objectives: Behçet's syndrome (BS) is a rare systemic vasculitis often complicated by thrombotic events. Given the lack of validated biomarkers, BS diagnosis relies on clinical criteria.In search of novel biomarkers for BS diagnosis, we determined the profile of plasmatic circulating microRNAs (ci-miRNAs) in patients with BS compared with healthy controls (HCs). Methods: ci-miRNA profile was evaluated by microarray in a screening cohort (16 patients with BS and 18 HCs) and then validated by poly(T) adaptor PCR (PTA-PCR) in a validation cohort (30 patients with BS and 30 HCs). Two disease control groups (30 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and 30 patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA) were also analysed. Results: From the microarray screening, 29 deregulated (differentially expressed (DE)) human ci-miRNAs emerged. A hierarchical cluster analysis indicated that DE ci-miRNAs clearly segregated patients from controls, independently of clinical features. PTA-PCR analysis on the validation cohort confirmed the deregulation of miR-224-5p, miR-206 and miR-653-5p. The combined receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses showed that such ci-miRNAs discriminate BS from HCs (and BS with active vs inactive disease), as well as BS from patients with SLE and GCA.The functional annotation analyses (FAAs) showed that the most enriched pathways affected by DE ci-miRNAs (ie, cell-matrix interaction, oxidative stress and blood coagulation) are related to thrombo-inflammatory mechanisms. Accordingly, the expression of the three ci-miRNAs from the validation cohort significantly correlated with leucocyte reactive oxygen species production and plasma lipid peroxidation. Conclusions: The ci-miRNA profile identified in this study may represent a novel, poorly invasive BS biomarker, while suggesting an epigenetic control of BS-related thrombo-inflammation.

A unique circulating miRNA profile highlights thrombo-inflammation in Behçet's syndrome / Emmi, Giacomo; Bagni, Giacomo; Lastraioli, Elena; Di Patti, Francesca; Bettiol, Alessandra; Fiorillo, Claudia; Becatti, Matteo; Silvestri, Elena; Urban, Maria Letizia; Emmi, Lorenzo; Prisco, Domenico; Arcangeli, Annarosa. - In: ANNALS OF THE RHEUMATIC DISEASES. - ISSN 0003-4967. - ELETTRONICO. - (2021), pp. 1-12. [10.1136/annrheumdis-2021-220859]

A unique circulating miRNA profile highlights thrombo-inflammation in Behçet's syndrome

Emmi, Giacomo;Bagni, Giacomo;Lastraioli, Elena;Di Patti, Francesca;Bettiol, Alessandra;Fiorillo, Claudia;Becatti, Matteo;Silvestri, Elena;Urban, Maria Letizia;Emmi, Lorenzo;Prisco, Domenico;Arcangeli, Annarosa
2021

Abstract

Objectives: Behçet's syndrome (BS) is a rare systemic vasculitis often complicated by thrombotic events. Given the lack of validated biomarkers, BS diagnosis relies on clinical criteria.In search of novel biomarkers for BS diagnosis, we determined the profile of plasmatic circulating microRNAs (ci-miRNAs) in patients with BS compared with healthy controls (HCs). Methods: ci-miRNA profile was evaluated by microarray in a screening cohort (16 patients with BS and 18 HCs) and then validated by poly(T) adaptor PCR (PTA-PCR) in a validation cohort (30 patients with BS and 30 HCs). Two disease control groups (30 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and 30 patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA) were also analysed. Results: From the microarray screening, 29 deregulated (differentially expressed (DE)) human ci-miRNAs emerged. A hierarchical cluster analysis indicated that DE ci-miRNAs clearly segregated patients from controls, independently of clinical features. PTA-PCR analysis on the validation cohort confirmed the deregulation of miR-224-5p, miR-206 and miR-653-5p. The combined receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses showed that such ci-miRNAs discriminate BS from HCs (and BS with active vs inactive disease), as well as BS from patients with SLE and GCA.The functional annotation analyses (FAAs) showed that the most enriched pathways affected by DE ci-miRNAs (ie, cell-matrix interaction, oxidative stress and blood coagulation) are related to thrombo-inflammatory mechanisms. Accordingly, the expression of the three ci-miRNAs from the validation cohort significantly correlated with leucocyte reactive oxygen species production and plasma lipid peroxidation. Conclusions: The ci-miRNA profile identified in this study may represent a novel, poorly invasive BS biomarker, while suggesting an epigenetic control of BS-related thrombo-inflammation.
2021
1
12
Goal 3: Good health and well-being for people
Emmi, Giacomo; Bagni, Giacomo; Lastraioli, Elena; Di Patti, Francesca; Bettiol, Alessandra; Fiorillo, Claudia; Becatti, Matteo; Silvestri, Elena; Urban, Maria Letizia; Emmi, Lorenzo; Prisco, Domenico; Arcangeli, Annarosa
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1250449
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