The aims of this study were to assess the Mediterranean Diet (MD) adherence in 2566 Italians who completed the validated Medi-Lite questionnaire during the year 2020, and to investigate the effect of COVID-19 confinement on dietary habits and MD adherence. To do this, we compared subjects (n¼389) that answered the questionnaire during the confinement occurred in Italy from March to May 2020 with subjects (n¼653) who completed the questionnaire in the same period (March–May) of the previous year (2019). From the results, a moderate level of MD adherence in the total sample emerged, and a significantly (p<.0001) increased adherence during lockdown was observed. Specifically, during confinement significantly (p<0.05) higher consumption of vegetables (þ9.4%), legumes (þ13.5%) and pasta (þ12.9%) emerged, while lower consumption was reported for bread ( 13.4%) and meat and meat products ( 15.4%). This study showed increased adherence to MD and a better-quality diet during the COVID-19 confinement in Italy.

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet increased during the COVID-19 lockdown in Italy: results from the web-based Medi-Lite questionnaire / Lotti, Sofia; Dinu, Monica; Pagliai, Giuditta; Giangrandi, Ilaria; Colombini, Barbara; Sofi, Francesco. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCES AND NUTRITION. - ISSN 0963-7486. - STAMPA. - 73:(2022), pp. 650-656. [10.1080/09637486.2021.2025213]

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet increased during the COVID-19 lockdown in Italy: results from the web-based Medi-Lite questionnaire

Lotti, Sofia
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Dinu, Monica
Formal Analysis
;
Pagliai, Giuditta
Investigation
;
Colombini, Barbara
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Sofi, Francesco
Writing – Review & Editing
2022

Abstract

The aims of this study were to assess the Mediterranean Diet (MD) adherence in 2566 Italians who completed the validated Medi-Lite questionnaire during the year 2020, and to investigate the effect of COVID-19 confinement on dietary habits and MD adherence. To do this, we compared subjects (n¼389) that answered the questionnaire during the confinement occurred in Italy from March to May 2020 with subjects (n¼653) who completed the questionnaire in the same period (March–May) of the previous year (2019). From the results, a moderate level of MD adherence in the total sample emerged, and a significantly (p<.0001) increased adherence during lockdown was observed. Specifically, during confinement significantly (p<0.05) higher consumption of vegetables (þ9.4%), legumes (þ13.5%) and pasta (þ12.9%) emerged, while lower consumption was reported for bread ( 13.4%) and meat and meat products ( 15.4%). This study showed increased adherence to MD and a better-quality diet during the COVID-19 confinement in Italy.
73
650
656
Lotti, Sofia; Dinu, Monica; Pagliai, Giuditta; Giangrandi, Ilaria; Colombini, Barbara; Sofi, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1253535
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