5-Nitroimidazole (5NIMH), chosen as a molecular model of nitroimidazole derivatives, which represent a broad-spectrum class of antimicrobials, was incorporated into the ruthenium complexes [Ru(tpy)(phen)(5NIM)]PF6 (1) and [Ru(tpy)(dmp)(5NIM)]PF6 (2) (tpy = terpyridine, phen = phenanthroline, dmp = 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline). Besides the uncommon metal coordination of 5-nitroimidazole in its imidazolate form (5NIM), the different architectures of the spectator ligands (phen and dmp) were exploited to tune the "mode of action"of the resulting complexes, passing from a photostable compound where the redox properties of 5NIMH are preserved (1) to one suitable for the nitroimidazole phototriggered release (2) and whose antibacterial activity against B. subtilis, chosen as cellular model, is effectively improved upon light exposure. This study may provide a fundamental knowledge on the use of Ru(II)-polypyridyl complexes to incorporate and/or photorelease biologically relevant nitroimidazole derivatives in the design of a novel class of antimicrobials.

Nitroimidazole-Based Ruthenium(II) Complexes: Playing with Structural Parameters to Design Photostable and Light-Responsive Antibacterial Agents / Giacomazzo G.E.; Conti L.; Guerri A.; Pagliai M.; Fagorzi C.; Sfragano P.S.; Palchetti I.; Pietraperzia G.; Mengoni A.; Valtancoli B.; Giorgi C.. - In: INORGANIC CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0020-1669. - ELETTRONICO. - (2021), pp. 0-0. [10.1021/acs.inorgchem.1c03032]

Nitroimidazole-Based Ruthenium(II) Complexes: Playing with Structural Parameters to Design Photostable and Light-Responsive Antibacterial Agents

Giacomazzo G. E.;Conti L.
;
Guerri A.;Pagliai M.;Fagorzi C.;Sfragano P. S.;Palchetti I.;Pietraperzia G.;Mengoni A.;Valtancoli B.;Giorgi C.
2021

Abstract

5-Nitroimidazole (5NIMH), chosen as a molecular model of nitroimidazole derivatives, which represent a broad-spectrum class of antimicrobials, was incorporated into the ruthenium complexes [Ru(tpy)(phen)(5NIM)]PF6 (1) and [Ru(tpy)(dmp)(5NIM)]PF6 (2) (tpy = terpyridine, phen = phenanthroline, dmp = 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline). Besides the uncommon metal coordination of 5-nitroimidazole in its imidazolate form (5NIM), the different architectures of the spectator ligands (phen and dmp) were exploited to tune the "mode of action"of the resulting complexes, passing from a photostable compound where the redox properties of 5NIMH are preserved (1) to one suitable for the nitroimidazole phototriggered release (2) and whose antibacterial activity against B. subtilis, chosen as cellular model, is effectively improved upon light exposure. This study may provide a fundamental knowledge on the use of Ru(II)-polypyridyl complexes to incorporate and/or photorelease biologically relevant nitroimidazole derivatives in the design of a novel class of antimicrobials.
2021
0
0
Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Giacomazzo G.E.; Conti L.; Guerri A.; Pagliai M.; Fagorzi C.; Sfragano P.S.; Palchetti I.; Pietraperzia G.; Mengoni A.; Valtancoli B.; Giorgi C.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1256241
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