We aimed to ascertain whether sex-related differences are relevant to clinical presentation, cardiac phenotype and all-cause mortality in different types of cardiac amyloidosis, a field still poorly investigated. Medical files from consecutive patients diagnosed with cardiac amyloidosis between 2000 and 2020, at Careggi University Hospital, were retrospectively evaluated. Over this period, 259 patients (12% females) were diagnosed with wild type transthyretin amyloidosis (wtATTR), 52 (25% females) with hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis (hATTR) and 143 (47% females) with light chain amyloidosis (AL). Women with wtATTR, compared to men, were significantly older at the time of diagnosis and showed higher National Amyloidosis Centre score, thicker normalized interventricular septum, higher diastolic dysfunction and worse right ventricular function. Females with hATTR and AL had lower normalized cardiac mass compared to men, otherwise, bio-humoral parameters, NYHA class, and ECG characteristics were similar. Comparing females and male with wtATTR, hATTR and AL, no differences in Kaplan-Meier curves for all-cause mortality were observed with regard to sex, p-value >0.05. In conclusion, we did not observe major differences in clinical expression related to sex in different types of cardiac amyloidosis: specifically, all-cause mortality was not affected. Nevertheless, women with wtATTR had echocardiographic signs of more advanced disease and higher NAC score at diagnosis suggesting a possible later recognition of disease compared to men.

Sex-related differences in clinical presentation and all-cause mortality in patients with cardiac transthyretin amyloidosis and light chain amyloidosis / Zampieri M.; Argirò A.; Allinovi M.; Tassetti L.; Zocchi C.; Gabriele M.; Andrei V.; Fumagalli C.; Di Mario C.; Tomberli A.; Olivotto I.; Perfetto F.; Cappelli F.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0167-5273. - STAMPA. - 351:(2022), pp. 71-77. [10.1016/j.ijcard.2021.12.048]

Sex-related differences in clinical presentation and all-cause mortality in patients with cardiac transthyretin amyloidosis and light chain amyloidosis

Zampieri M.;Allinovi M.;Tassetti L.;Zocchi C.;Gabriele M.;Andrei V.;Fumagalli C.;Di Mario C.;Tomberli A.;Olivotto I.;Perfetto F.;Cappelli F.
2022

Abstract

We aimed to ascertain whether sex-related differences are relevant to clinical presentation, cardiac phenotype and all-cause mortality in different types of cardiac amyloidosis, a field still poorly investigated. Medical files from consecutive patients diagnosed with cardiac amyloidosis between 2000 and 2020, at Careggi University Hospital, were retrospectively evaluated. Over this period, 259 patients (12% females) were diagnosed with wild type transthyretin amyloidosis (wtATTR), 52 (25% females) with hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis (hATTR) and 143 (47% females) with light chain amyloidosis (AL). Women with wtATTR, compared to men, were significantly older at the time of diagnosis and showed higher National Amyloidosis Centre score, thicker normalized interventricular septum, higher diastolic dysfunction and worse right ventricular function. Females with hATTR and AL had lower normalized cardiac mass compared to men, otherwise, bio-humoral parameters, NYHA class, and ECG characteristics were similar. Comparing females and male with wtATTR, hATTR and AL, no differences in Kaplan-Meier curves for all-cause mortality were observed with regard to sex, p-value >0.05. In conclusion, we did not observe major differences in clinical expression related to sex in different types of cardiac amyloidosis: specifically, all-cause mortality was not affected. Nevertheless, women with wtATTR had echocardiographic signs of more advanced disease and higher NAC score at diagnosis suggesting a possible later recognition of disease compared to men.
351
71
77
Zampieri M.; Argirò A.; Allinovi M.; Tassetti L.; Zocchi C.; Gabriele M.; Andrei V.; Fumagalli C.; Di Mario C.; Tomberli A.; Olivotto I.; Perfetto F.; Cappelli F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1261357
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